Lagenaria siceraria Mol Standl

[From Latin, lagenaria = shaped like a bottle and from Hebrew, shekar = strong fermented drink]

Physical description: It is a climber cultivated for its fruits which have manifold uses in the tropical regions. The plant has the greasy smell of a mild

Synonymy: Lagenaria vulgaris Ser., Lagenaria leucantha Rusby.

Common names: Bottle gourd; gourde de pelerin (French); businswai (Burma); hu lu (Chinese); urong ka' dai, lepo ga'; (Kenyah); cabaceira (Portuguese); alabu (Sanskrit); calabeza vinatera (Spanish); shorakkai (Tamil).

Fig. 113. Lagenaria siceraria (Mol.) Standl. From: KLU Herbarium 28830. Flora of Sarawak. Field collector: Chin See Chun, 26 Feb 1977. Geographical localization: farm of Tua Kam-pong opposite Sungei Uket Bio'about4j miles up river from Long Selatong Ulu. Botanical identification: de Wilde 1996.

stink bug. The stems are smooth, hairy, and 5-angled. Leaves: simple, alternate and without stipules. The petiole is hairy and 3.4 cm x 1.3 cm-1 mm. The tendrils are hairy, bifid, and 3.3cm-4.5cm long. The blade is papery, hairy, somewhat 5-lobed, laxly serrate, and shows 2-3 pairs of secondary nerves which are slightly raised on both surfaces. The flowers are axillary, solitary, monoecious or dioecious. The flower pedicel is 8.2 cm x 1 mm and hairy. The calyx is conical, 2 cm long and produces 5 linear sepals. The corolla is showy, whitish, and consists of 5 orbiculate and very thin 3cm long petals. The andrecium consists of 3 stamens which are connate and included. The ovary is oblong and pubescent and encloses several ovules which are attached to parietal placentas, the style is short and produces upward 3-bifid stigmatic lobes. The fruits are 30 cm long, flask-shaped berries with a 20 cm long neck. The seeds are numerous, 1.6cm-2cm, white, compressed, and with marginal grooves. Although bitter, the young fruits, flowers and shoots are eaten. Fruits that have ripen are used to make floats, bottles and ladles (Fig. 113).

Continue reading here: Pharmaceutical interest

Was this article helpful?

0 0