Kalanchoe pinnata Lamk Pers

[From Chinese, ka/anchoe = Chinese name of Ka/anchoe species and from Latin, pinnatus = feathered]

Synonymy: Bryophyllum calycinum Salisb.

Common names: Yoekiyapinba (Burmese); gros pourpier clochette (French); sedingin (Malay); parnabija (Sanskrit); malaikalli (Tamil).

Physical description: It is a herb which grows to a height of 30 m-1.2 m. The plant is native to tropical Africa and naturalized in several countries. The stems are obtusely 4-angled, succulent, glabrous, and the younger parts are reddish with white dots. Leaves: simple, without stipules, and decussate. The blade is ovoid, spoon-shaped, and the margin is cre-nate. The flowers are pendulous, and arranged in large spreading panicles. The pedicels are slender. The calyx is 2.5cm-3.8cm long, penciled with red lines, green at the base, pale green above, and develops 4 triangular lobes. The corolla is swollen and octagonal at the base, constricted in the middle, reddish purple, and develops 4 triangular lobes. The anthers are hastate and black, and the filaments are green at the base and pinkish below the anthers. Hypogynous scales subquadrate, free or adherent to the carpels are present. The fruits are follicles enclosed in the vestigial perianth which is papery. The seeds are small (Fig. 148).

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