Kalanchoe laciniata L DC

[From Chinese, kalanchoe = Chinese name of Kalanchoe species and from Latin, lacinia = lappet]

Physical description: It is a herb which grows to a height of 90cm-1.2 m in tropical Asia and Africa. The plant is ornamental and naturalized in several

Hygrine

Pelletierine

Pelletierine

Sedinone

Fig. 148. Alkaloids from some Asian Sedum species.

Sedinone

Fig. 148. Alkaloids from some Asian Sedum species.

Common names: Joubarbe (French); setawarkampong (Malay); siemprevica (Filipino); hemasaraga (Sanskrit); ma/aka//i (Tamil); nien to (Cambodia, Laos, Vietnamese).

tropical countries. The stems are succulent, glabrous, and slightly branched. Leaves: simple, without stipules and 7.5cm-10cm long. The petiole is 2.5cm-3.8cm long, flattened above, succulent and amplexicaul. The blade is serrate, crenate or entire, glossy and pale glaucous. The inflorescences are paniculate cymes. The calyx is 3 mm-5 mm long and develops 4 lanceolate lobes. The corolla comprises of 4 orange petals which are lanceolate, acute or acuminate, glabrous or pubescent. A few hypogynous scales of 3mm-4mm are present. The fruits are 8 mm long follicles which are ven-trally dehiscent.

Uses: The crushed leaves of Ka/anchoe /aciniata (L.) DC. are used to make counter-irritant remedies all over Asia. In Malaysia, a poultice of the powdered leaves is used to soothe inflammation, heal boils and wounds, and to treat cough and smallpox. Ka/anchoe /aciniata (L.) DC. mixed with Andrographis panicu/ata Nees is used to treat infected fingers. A decoction of the whole plant is drunk to assuage gastric pain and to treat heart discomfort. In India, the crushed leaves are applied to wounds, and used to soothe inflammation. The juice expressed from the leaves is drunk to treat bilious diarrhea and lithiasis. In the Philippines, the crushed leaves are used to assuage headache.In Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam, the crushed leaves are applied externally to reduce body temperature and to heal ulcers.

Pharmaceutical interest: The counter-irritant property of Ka/anchoe /aciniata (L.) DC. is attributed to crystals of oxalic acid which irritate the skin. A number of plants classified within the genus Ka/anchoe display antibacterial (Supteli EA et a/., 1980) and antiviral (Shirobokov VP et a/., 1981) properties in vitro but what are the principles involved?

Continue reading here: Kalanchoe pinnata Lamk Pers

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