Humulus scandens Lour Merr

[From Latin, humus = soil and scandere = climb]

Physical description: It is a climber native to East Asia. The stems are slender, terete and hairy. Leaves: simple, opposite, without stipules. The petiole is 5cm-7cm long, hairy and grooved. The blade is papery, 3-lobed, 5.2 cm x 7.1 cm-2cm x 2.5 cm and hairy. The margin is serrate, and the midrib and secondary nerves are sunkely above and raised below. The inflorescences are tiny axillary racemes. The flowers are 3 mm long. The calyx consists of 5 lanceolate sepals which are free and hairy. The petals are glabrous, yellow, lanceolate, free, and opposite to the sepals (Fig. 48).

Synonymy: Humulus japonicus Sieb. & Zucc.

Common name: Japanese hop.

Uses: In China, the aerial parts are used to treat malaria, typhoid, gonorrhea, syphilis, cough, colds, lithiasis, spermatorrhea and malignant sores, promote urination, invigorate the genito-urinary system, stop dysentery and to resolve inflammation. The fruit is used to treat fever, promote appetite and urination, stop dysentery and to counteract poisoning from snake bites and scorpion stings. In Vietnam, the leaves are used to treat fever and stop dysentery.

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