Homonoia riparia Lour

[From Greek, Homonoia = Greek Goddess and from Latin, riparius = riverbank]

Common name: Kalire (Batek).

Uses: In Indonesia, the sap of Homonoia riparia Lour. is used to strengthen loose teeth. In Laos, Vietnam and Cambodia, the leaves are used to assuage itchiness and to expel impurities. In Malaysia, the leaves and fruits of Homonoia riparia Lour. are used to treat skin diseases. In the Philippines, the leaves are applied externally to heal wounds inflicted by poisonous fish and the plant is also used to assuage toothache. In Thailand, the leaves are used to treat skin disease.The pharmacological potential of Homonoia riparia Lour. remains unexplored.

Physical description: It is a shrub which grows to a height of 2 m-3 m. It is commonly found along the riverbanks of Southern Asia. The bark is brownish-red, and the stems are lenticeled and hairy or glabrous. Leaves: simple, stipulate and spiral. The stipules are linear, hairy and 4 mm long. The petiole is hairy, grooved and 4mm-5mm long. The blade is linear, 7.2cmx1.1 cm-9cmx9 mm, glabrous except at the midrib and shows 4-9

Herbarium Drugs

Fig. 210. Homonoia riparia Lour. From: KLU Herbarium 23995. The Forest Herbarium (BKF), Royal Forest Department. Flora of Thailand. Field collector and botanical identification: C Phengkhai. 20 Jun 1973. Geographical localization: Chanthrabari. From: KLU Herbarium 30436. Oxford University, Department of Botany, Forest Herbarium (FHO). Flora of Peninsular Malaysia. Field collector: CM Pan-nell, 12 Mar 1978. Geographical localization: Pahang, Taman Negara. Botanical identification: Benjamin C Stone.

Fig. 210. Homonoia riparia Lour. From: KLU Herbarium 23995. The Forest Herbarium (BKF), Royal Forest Department. Flora of Thailand. Field collector and botanical identification: C Phengkhai. 20 Jun 1973. Geographical localization: Chanthrabari. From: KLU Herbarium 30436. Oxford University, Department of Botany, Forest Herbarium (FHO). Flora of Peninsular Malaysia. Field collector: CM Pan-nell, 12 Mar 1978. Geographical localization: Pahang, Taman Negara. Botanical identification: Benjamin C Stone.

pairs of secondary nerves. The margin is laxly dentate. The inflorescences are axillary, hairy, and 5cm-6cm long. The flower buds are globose, 2.5mm-3mm long; when open, they show numerous stamens. The fruits are green, dehiscent and 3-lobed capsules of about 4.5 mm in diameter, topped with 3 vestigial styles which are 2 mm long. The seeds are globose and 2 mm in diameter (Fig. 210).

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