Gymnosporia spinosa Blco Merr Rolfe

[From Greek, gumnos = naked, spora = spore and from Latin, spina = thorn]

Synonymy: Catha spinosa Forsk., Gymnosporia montana (Roth.) Benth. Celastrus senegalensis Lam.).

Common names: Bahuphala (Sanskrit); valuluvai (Tamil).

Rolfe.

Gymnosporia spinosa (Blco.) Merr. &

Rolfe.

Gymnosporia spinosa (Blco.) Merr. &

Physical description: It is a shrub found in Southeast Asia. The stems when young are prickly. Leaves: drying yellowish, thick, and 3cm-5cm x 2cm-3.8cm. The petiole is 3 mm-10 cm long. The blade is elliptic or obovate, round at the apex, entire or crenulate, and tapered at the base. The inflorescences are axillary cymes. The flower pedicel is long and thin, and the bracts are small and lanceolate. The calyx lobes are very small, broadly elliptic-oblong, round at the apex, and ciliate. The petals are 3 mm long and elliptic-oblong. The filaments of the stamens are flattened and dilate at the base. The nectary disc is succulent and 10-lobed. The ovary is glabrous and orbicular. The style is fertile flowers and deeply 2-3-lobed. The fruits are 5 mm long globose capsules ripening into purple. The seeds are glabrous, chestnut brown, rugose and embedded in an aril (Fig. 188).

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