Family Styracaceae Dumortier 1829 nom conserv the Storax Family

Physical description: The family Styracaceae consists of 10 genera and 150 species of tropical timber. The leaves of Styracaceae are simple, alternate, and without stipules. The flowers are perfect, regular, and hypogynous. The calyx is tubular and of 4-5-lobed. The corolla consists of 2-5 petals forming a tube. The andrecium comprises of 4-10 stamens in a single row, and the anthers are linear, tetrasporangiate, dithecal and open by longitudinal slits. The gynecium consists of 3-5 carpels united to form a compound, superior, and unilocular ovary containing several ovules attached to axile placentas. The fruits are capsular are marked by an opening.

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Pharmaceutical interest: Styra-caceae is the family of the Styrax species from which balsamic resins are obtained by an incision of the stems. The resins of Styrax tonki-nense Pierre (Siam Benzoin, British Pharmaceutical Codex, 1959), Styrax benzoin Dryand. and Styraxpar-alleloneurus (Sumatra Benzoin, British Pharmacopoeia, 1948). have been used to make inhalations for the treatment of catarrh whereas Styrax officinalis L., is the source of storax. Of recent interest are antibacterial and antifungal lignans characterized from the Brazilian Styrax ferrugineus. In the Asia-Pacific, Alniphyllum fortunei (Hemsl.) Perk., Alniphyllum hainanense Hay., Styrax benzoin Dryand., Styrax tonkinense Pierre, Styraxbenzoides Craib are medicinal.

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Continue reading here: Styrax benzoin Dryand

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