Family Iridaceae A L de Jussieu nom conserv the Iris Family

Physical description: The family Iridaceae consists of 80 genera and approximately 1500 species of toxic, rhizomatous, or bulbous perennial and cosmopolitan herbs most abundant in Africa. It is also known to produce saponins, mangiferin, quinones (naphthoquinones and anthraquinones), terpenoids (mono-, sesqui-, di- and tetra-terpenoids) and flavonoids (anthocyani-dins, flavones, flavonols and isoflavones). The leaves are lanceolate, often crowded at the base of the stem, while sheathing at the base. The flowers are bisexual, actinomorphic, with straight perianth-tube, or the tube curved with an oblong limb, or completely zygomorphic. The perianth is petaloid and consists of 2 whorls of 3 subequal and similar or different tepals. The andrecium consists of 3 stamens opposite to the outer perianth lobes, with free or partially connate filaments and 2-celled anthers opening extrorsely or laterally by slits lengthwise. The gynecium consists of 3 carpels forming an inferior and 1-3-locular ovary, with each locule containing several anatropous ovules attached to axile placentas. The style is long, thin and 3-lobed. The fruits are loculicidal capsules containing several seeds with a copious endosperm.

Pharmaceutical interest: Examples of plants classified within the family Iridaceae are Iris germanica L. (orris oil), Iris versicolor (blue flag) and Crocus sativus L. (saffron). The rhizomes of the European Iris florentina (see Gerard J, The Herbal, 1597), Iris germanica and Iris pallida and the North American Iris versicolor (blue flag), have been used since ancient times to relieve the bowels of costiveness and to induce vomiting. The roasted seeds of a number of plants classified within the genus Iris were used to adulterate coffee. Plumba-gin (monohydroxynaphthoquinones) has been characterized from the leaves and the rhizomes of a number of Iridaceae. In Southeast Asia, 10 species of plants classified within the family Iridaceae are used for medicinal purposes.

Constipation Prescription

Constipation Prescription

Did you ever think feeling angry and irritable could be a symptom of constipation? A horrible fullness and pressing sharp pains against the bladders can’t help but affect your mood. Sometimes you just want everyone to leave you alone and sleep to escape the pain. It is virtually impossible to be constipated and keep a sunny disposition. Follow the steps in this guide to alleviate constipation and lead a happier healthy life.

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