Family Hippocrateaceae A L de Jussieu 1811 nom conserv the Hippocratea Family

Physical description: The family Hippocrateaceae consists of the genera Hippocratea (100 species) and Salacia (200 species). Hippocrateaceae are tannif-erous, tropical shrubs or climbers closely allied to the Celastraceae. The leaves of Hippocrateaceae are mostly opposite and simple and the stipules small or absent. The inflorescences are cymose. The flowers are small, hermaphrodite and actinomorphic. The calyx is small, and consists of 5 imbricate sepals. The corolla comprises of 5 petals which are imbricate or valvate. A cupular, conical or expanded nectary disk is present. The andrecium comprises of mostly 3 stamens which alternate with the petals. The gynecium consists of 3 carpels united to form a compound, superior, trilocular and somewhat triangular ovary containing 2-10 ovule per locule which are attached to axile placentas. The style is subulate or short and mostly 3-fid. The fruit are drupes, berries, or capsules. The seeds are compressed and often winged or angular.

Pharmaceutical interest: Hippocrateaceae are interesting because they produce sesquiterpene pyridine alkaloids that will be worth assessing for their cytotoxic and other pharmacological potential. Hippocratea indica Willd., Salacia flavescens Kurz, Salacia grandiflora Kurz, Salacia macrophylla Bl. and Salacia prinoides (Willd.) DC. are medicinal in the Asia-Pacific. The roots of these plants are often used to promote menses and used to aid recovery from childbirth.

R.|= Ac, R2= CNMP, R3= Ac, R4= COPh, R5= Ac, R6= Ac

Continue reading here: Salacia grandiflora Kurz

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