Family Goodeniaceae R Brown 1810 nom conserv the Goodenia Family

Physical description: The family Goodeniaceae consists of approximately 14 genera and 300 species of perennial herbs and soft-wooded shrubs well represented in Australia and known to elaborate inulin, iridoid glycosides and saponins. The leaves are simple, mostly alternate, fleshy and glossy without stipules. The inflorescences are cymose, racemose or solitary. The flowers are perfect. The calyx is tubular and mostly 5-lobed. The corolla is tubular, bilabiate, and produces 5 lobes which are grouped at one side. The andrecium consists of 5 stamens with tetrasporangiate and dithecal anthers. The gynecium consists of a pair of carpels forming a compound, mostly inferior and 2-locular ovary with each locule containing 1-several ovules attached to axile placentas. The fruits are capsular or succulent. Scaevola taccada (Gaertn.) Roxb. is used in the Asia-Pacific to treat a number of ailments. The pharmacological properties of the plants classified within the family Goodeniaceae remain yet to be explored.

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