Family Elaeagnaceae A L de Jussieu 1789 nom conserv the Oleaster Family

Physical description: The family Elaeagnaceae consists of 3 genera and about 50 species of tanniferous shrubs so far known to produce e//agic acid, quebrachitol, saponins and indole alkaloids. The leaves of Elaeagnaceae are simple, alternate or opposite and without stipules. The blade and the stems are covered with starry hairs or scales. The flowers are perfect, 4-merous, strongly perigynous, and apetalous. The sepals and stamens develop from a hypan-thium.The anthers are tetrasporangiate, dithecal and open by longitudinal slits. The gynecium consists of a single carpel forming a 1-locular ovary containing a solitary ovule. The fruit is succulent and often rich in ascorbic acid.

Uses: The oil expressed from the seeds (pongam oil) of Pongamia pinnata (L.) Merr. is used externally to treat rheumatism and infection. In India, the roots are used to soothe inflammation and counteract putrefaction. A bath of the leaves is taken to soothe inflamed areas.

are used to make alcoholic beverages in Japan. To date, the pharmacological potential of the family Elaeagnaceae remains mostly unexplored. In the Asia-Pacific, Elaeaegnus pungens Thunb. (Elaeagnus simonii Carr.), Elaeagnus latifolia L., Elaeagnus philippensis Perr. and Hippophae rhamnoides L. are medicinal.

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