Family Datiscaceae Lindley 1830 nom conserv the Datisca Family

Physical description: The family Datiscaceae is a little family of 3 genera and 4 species of Asian perennial herbs and trees known to produce flavonoids. In this family, the leaves are simple or compound, alternate and without stipules. The flowers are unisexual. The male flowers comprise of a calyx of 4-8, free or united sepals in a lobed tube, a corolla of 0-8 petals, an andrecium of up to 25 stamens with tetrasporangiate anthers opening by longitudinal slits and dithecal. The female flowers comprise of a calyx of 3-8 sepals, and a gynecium of 3-8 carpels united to form a compound, unilocular, inferior ovary containing anatropous ovules attached to parietal placentas. The fruits are capsular, open api-cally between the persistent styles and contain several numerous, very small seeds with straight, cylindrical, oily and dicotyledonous embryos.

Pharmaceutical interest: It will be interesting to learn whether more intensive future

research on this family will disclose any molecules of pharmaceutical interest such as cucurbitacins (datiscacin). Octomeles sumatrana Miq. and Tetrameles nudiflora R. Br. are used in the Asia-Pacific to treat abdominal disorders.

Continue reading here: Octomeles sumatrana

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