Family Burmanniaceae Blume 1827 nom conserv the Burmannia Family

Physical description: The family Burmanniaceae consists of 20 genera and 130 species of mycotrophic annual or perennial herbs of tropical distribution. The leaves are simple, entire and clustered at the base of the stem. The inflorescences are terminal cymes or racemes, or solitary. The flowers are regular, perfect, the perianth is tubular, mostly 6-lobed and 3-winged. The andrecium consists of 6 stamens opposite the lobes. The anthers are tetrasporangiate, dithecal and open by transverse lateral slits. The gynecium consists of 3 carpels united to form a compound unilocular or tri-locular inferior ovary. The fruits are capsular, winged and circumscissile. The seeds are numerous and tiny. The pharmacological potential of this family has not been studied. Burmannia disticha L. is the only representative of this family of medicinal value in Southeast Asia.

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