Family Bromeliaceae A L de Jussieu 1789 nom conserv the Bromeliad Family

Physical description: The family Bromeliaceae consists of approximately 45 genera and 2000 species of epiphytic herbs, principally native to tropical America, containing papain-like proteolytic enzymes and occasionally steroidal saponins. The leaves are arranged in dense clusters; they are long, strap-shaped, stiff, spinulose-lobed, and often colored at the base. The flowers are hermaphrodite or unisexual, regular, trimerous and packed in terminal heads, spikes or panicles with colourfull bracts. The ovary consists of 3 carpels united into a compound, 3-locular, superior, or inferior ovary relatively embedded in the infructescence, with each locule containing several ovules. The style is often trifid. The stigma is papillate. The fruits are capsular or succulent. The seeds are winged or plumose in capsular fruits. An example of the plant classified within the family Bromeliaceae is Ananas comosus (L.) Merr. (Ananas sativus) or pineapple, the infructescence of which is palatable (Fig. 411).

Fig. 411. Ananas comosus (L.) Merr.
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