Eriocaulon australe R Br

[From Greek, erio = woolly, caulon = stem and Latin, australis = austral]

Common names: Hairy pipewort; kai (Yapese).

Uses: In China, Eriocaulon australe R. Br. is used to treat eye inflammation, sore throat, toothache, to clam, to combat fever and to promote urination. The pharmacological potential of Eriocaulon australe R. Br. and of the large genus Eriocaulon remains unexplored. Note that flavonoids, known to occur in the genus, might be involved in the anti-inflammatory property of the plant.

Fig. 393. Eriocaulon australe R. Br.

Physical description: It is a herb which grows to a height of 30 cm. The plant is found in marshy ground, swamp area, ponds, ditches, edges of mangrove swamps and roadside damps of the Asia-Pacific. The roots are fibrous and whitish. The stems are coriaceous, glabrous, 19.5cm-25.5cm long, and somewhat quadrangular or winged. Leaves: simple, linear, thin, glabrous, and 18 cm x 5 mm-4 cm x 2 mm

Fig. 393. Eriocaulon australe R. Br.

terminal and globose heads. The inflorescences are 3mm-5mm x 4 mm-5 mm. The heads are scaly and microscopically covered with a white indumentum (Fig. 393).

Warning: Caution must be taken as the toxic effects of this plant are unknown. C. Order RESTIONALES J. H. Schaffner 1929

The order Restionales is thought to have originated from the order Com-melinales, and consists of 4 families and approximately 450 species of tropical herbs. The family Restionaceae is the largest family of this order with 400 species.The pharmacological potential of restionales remains unexplored.

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