Eclipta prostrata L L

[From Latin, sternere = lay fiat]

Synonymy: Eclipta erecta L., Eclipta alba (L.) Hassk., Verbesina alba L., Verbesina prostrata L.

Common names: White heads, false daisy; aring aring, rumput beu, kurumak jantan (Malay); chin han lien ts'ao (Chinese); aja-garo (Sanskrit); kaikeshi (Tamil); balari (Hindi); muc, nho noi, nha cha chat (Vietnamese); takasaburou (Japanese); éclipte blanche (French); hierba de tajo (Spanish); mirimapua (Cook Islands); tamudu (Fiji); deberebelela tengadidik (Palau)

Physical description: It is a creeping herb which grows annually to a height of 30 cm. The plant is found in drains, marsh and swampy roadsides of India, Southeast Asia, China, Japan, Taiwan, Pacific Islands, and South and North America.The stems are purple, succulent, hairy and characteristically swollen between the nodes. Leaves: simple, 2.5cm-7.5cm x 5mm-7mm, hairy, without stipules and opposite. The petiole is short. The blade is linear, oblong, lanceolate, denticulate, hirsute on both sides and narrowed at both ends. The flowers are arranged in axillary capitula attached to pedicels that are 2.5cm-3cm long. The capitula are 5 mm-9 mm in diameter, rayed white and sunflower-shaped. The involucres are campanulate; the bracts are brown green and are longer than the flowers. The flower receptacle is flat and discoid. The ray flowers show small entire or bifid white ligules. The fruits consist of subcompressed and triangular achenes (Fig. 370).

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