Dendrophthoe pentandra L

[From Greek, pente = five and andro =

Synonymy: Loranthus pentandrus L.

Uses: In Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam, the leaves of Dendrophthoe pentandra (L.) Miq. are used to make a tea-like drink used to treat cough. In Malaysia, Dendrophthoe pentandra (L.) Miq. is used as a remedy to and recovery from childbirth, and to heal sores, wounds and ulcers. The pharmacological potential of this plant is yet to be discovered.

Fig. 181. Macrosolen cochichinensis (Lour.) van Tieghem. From: KLU 355111. Flora of Singapore. Comm. Ex. Herb. Hort. Bot. Sing. Geographical localization: Nec Soon, open forest margins bordering the swamp, along a stream, epiphytic, hemi-parasite. Altitude: 5 m. 23 Sep 1982. Field collector & botanical identification: JF Maxwell.

Fig. 181. Macrosolen cochichinensis (Lour.) van Tieghem. From: KLU 355111. Flora of Singapore. Comm. Ex. Herb. Hort. Bot. Sing. Geographical localization: Nec Soon, open forest margins bordering the swamp, along a stream, epiphytic, hemi-parasite. Altitude: 5 m. 23 Sep 1982. Field collector & botanical identification: JF Maxwell.

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Fig. 182. Dendrophthoe pentandra (L.) Miq.

Physical description: It is a Southeast Asian parasitic plant which grows on trees. The stems are terete and glabrous. Leaves: simple, opposite and without stipules. The petiole is 1 cm x 3cm-5 mm x 3 mm. The blade is fleshy, thick, somewhat leathery and spongy, elliptic-lanceolate, 11.7 cm x 4mm-13cm x 4.3 cm and exhibits a showy midrib. The inflorescences are short and axillary racemes. The calyx is cupular and 3 mm long. The corolla is tubular, 1.5 cm-2cm long and somewhat reddish. The petal lobes are linear, recurved downward and 5 mm-1 cm long. The stigma is showy and the andrecium comprises of 5 stamens. The fruits are red and succulent (Fig. 182).

Warning: Caution must be taken as the toxic effects of this plant are unknown. F. Order RAFFLESIALES Kerner 1891

The order Rafflesiales consists of 3 little families: Hydnoraceae, Mitraste-monaceae and Rafflesiaceae, and about 60 species of fleshy, parasitic, tropical herbs without chlorophyll. The order Rafflesiales is thought to have originated side by side with the Santalales from the Rosales in which they share a common ancestor (Appendix I).

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