Cyperus brevifolius Rottb Hassk

[From Greek, kuperos = sedge, and from Latin, brevis = short and folium = leaf]

Uses: Ibn Sina and other Arabian and Persian physicians use this plant to promote urination, menses and to combat fever. Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk. is the Kvnepoa of Dioskurides, the Juncuc Triangularis of Pliny and is mentioned in the Iliad (21, 355) and Odyssey (4, 603). In China, Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk. is used to expel intestinal worms, counteract poisoning, treat dysentery, regulate menses and to assuage stomachache from ancient times. In Malaysia, the leaves are used to stop diarrhea and a poultice of the rhizomes is used to heal leg ulcers. The therapeutic potential of this herb remains unexplored.

Fig. 396. Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk.

Physical description: It is a little roadside herb which grows to a high of 30 cm in the Asia-Pacific. The stems are glabrous and angular. The plant develops from a 7.5cm-10cm long rhizome. The culms are distant and 10cm-30cm long. Leaves: narrow and 15cm-20cm long. The lowest glumes are short, by groups of 3 and 4, lanceolate and lobed.The style is forked. The inflorescences are 5 mm in diameter globose spikelets. The flowers are numerous and 1 mm-1.5 mm long. The fruits are nuts compressed laterally (Fig. 396).

Warning: Caution must be taken as the toxic effects of this plant are unknown.

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