Codiaeum variegatum L Bl

[From the Malaysian name for codebo and from Latin, varius = various]

Common name: Croton.

Uses: In Indonesia, Codiaeum variegatum (L.) Bl. is used to relieve the bowels of costiveness. In Malaysia, the plant is used to heal syphilitic sores. In Papua New Guinea and the Solomons Islands, the plant is used to facilitate abortion and to heal infected sores. The plant was first studied by Dutch naturalist Georgius Everhardus Rumphius (1628-1702).

Fig. 201. Codiaeum variegatum (L.) Bl.

Physical description: It is a flamboyant ornamental shrub which grows to a height of 2 m. The plant is native to the Moluccan Islands, between the Philippines and Papua New Guinea. The stem exudes an abundant white latex after an incision. Leaves: simple, spiral and without stipules. The petiole is 3.5cm-2cm long, obscurely curved at both ends and grooved. The blade is rigid, variegated in shape and color, 20 cm x 6cm-11 cm x 6 mm, oblong or 3-lobed, yellow, green or red. The inflorescences are very small with axillary spikes of 6.5cm-10cm (Fig. 201).

Pharmaceutical interest: An extract of Codiaeum variegatum (L.) Bl. at low dose activates the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in human lymphoblastoid cellline cultured in vitro and promotes the formation of tumors experimentally (Norhanom AW etal., 1995).

Continue reading here: Croton argyratus Bl

Was this article helpful?

0 0