Cleidion spiciflorum Burm f Merr

[From Greek, cleidion = a club and from Latin, spica = spike and flores = flower]

Synonymy: Cleidion javanicum Bl.

Uses: In the Philippines, Cleidion spiciflorum (Burm. f.) is used to relieve the bowels for costiveness, to assuage stomachaches as well as for abortion purposes. The pharmacological potentials of Cleidion spiciflorum (Burm. f.) and of the genus Cleidion in general, still remains yet to be discovered.

Physical description: It is a tree which grows to a height of 8m in a geographical zone ranging from India to Papua New Guinea. The stems are yellowish, smooth, and glabrous. Leaves: simple, spiral and without stipules. The petiole is 1 cm-5.5cm long,

Fig. 200. Cleidion spiciflorum (Burm. f.). From: KLU Herbarium 26632. Flora of Sarawak. University of Malaya Herbarium. Geographical localization: Vicinity of Niah caves, lowland flooded forest. Field collector & botanical identification: Benjamin C Stone, 18 Apr 1978; altitude below 100m.

curved at both ends, and grooved above. The blade is papery, 2.3cm-5.7cm x 6cm-16cm, and elliptic-obovate. The apex is obscurely acuminate, and the base is acute. The margin is serrate, and the midrib is raised above, as well as beneath the blade, showing 4-6 pairs of secondary nerves raised on both surfaces. The fruits are solitary and axillary, 2.2 cm x 1.4 cm, capsules, the apex of which shows 1.7 cm long, thin vestigial stigmas. The fruits are attached to 3.3cm-4cm long pedicels (Fig. 200).

Warning: The fruits are poisonous.

Continue reading here: Codiaeum variegatum L Bl

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