Chloranthus eliator R Br ex Link

[From Greek, khloros = green and anthos = flower]

Physical description: It is an under-storey herb which grows to a height of 60 cm in the rainforest of tropical Asia. Leaves: simple, opposite, aromatic, serrate, elliptic, lanceolate, acuminate, dark green, glossy, and very thin. The blade is 15 cm x 6 cm. The petiole is 5 mm long and the stipules are small on the margin of the petiole sheath. The inflorescences are terminal groups of 4 or 5, 4cm long spikes. The flowers are tiny and white. The andrecium consists of 3 stamens connate by connective. The gynecium consists of a 1-celled ovary, a very short and thick style, and a subses-sile and a truncate stigma. The ovule

Synonymy: Chloranthus officinalis Bl. Common names: Chloranthus, sigeh putih, sambaupaya (Malay).

Uses: In Malaysia, the dried roots are applied externally or used internally to treat fever. In Indonesia, a paste made from the powdered leaves is applied externally to soothe contusion and bone fracture, and a decoction of the leaves is drunk to stop vomiting. Another species, Chloranthus spicatus (Thunb.) Nak. (Chloranthus inconspicuus SW.), is a Chinese remedy used to treat malaria, relieve coughs, heal boils and carbuncles, treat fever and to invigorate health. It will be interesting to know whether further study on this plant will disclose any molecules with anti-inflammatory and/or antibacterial properties.

is solitary and orthotropous. The fruits are succulent, 1.2 cm long, pulpy and white berries (Fig. 23).

Warning: Caution must be taken as the toxic effects of this plant are unknown.

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