Celastrus monospermoides Loes

[From Greek, kelastros = the name of another tree and from monos = alone and sperma = seed]

Synonymy: Celastrus malayensis Ridl.

Uses: In Malaysia, the leaves of Celastrus monospermoides Loes. are applied externally to treat fever. The pharmacological potential of Celastrus monospermoides Loes. is unexplored.

Physical description: It is a woody climber which grows in the Malaysian rainforest. The stems are glabrous, terete and smooth. Leaves: simple, spiral and without stipules. The petiole is 1cm-1.4cm, thin, channeled and transversely striated. The blade is glossy above, glabrous,

Fig. 185. Celastrus monospermoides Loes. From: KLU Herbarium 13486: 15 Apr 1970, E Soepadmo. Botanical identification: Ding Hou, 9/1983. Geographical localization: Hill diptero-carps. Forest along Sungai Sempam, Raub, Pahang, Malaysia.

9.5 cm x 4.5 cm-10 cm x 5 cm, thick, elliptic, and serrate. The apex of the blade is slightly acuminate and the base acute. The midrib is sunken above and raised below, and the secondary nerves, about 7 pairs, are indistinct above. The inflorescences are axillary, 5 cm-10 cm long racemes. The fruits are 3-lobed, dehiscent, 1.5 cm x 1 cm capsules containing a seed which is embedded in a yellowish-orange aril (Fig. 185).

Warning: Caution must be taken as the toxic effects of this plant are unknown.

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