Campnosperma brevipetiolata Volk

[From Greek, kamptein = to bend, sperma = seed and from Latin, brevis = short and petiolus = stalk]

Common name: Terentang (Malay)

Physical description: It is a tree which grows to a height of 12 m in the lowland swampy rainforests of Southeast Asia, Eastward Solomon Islands, and Papua New Guinea. The bark is shallowly fissured. The inner bark is

Uses: In Papua New Guinea, the yellow sapwood produced by the wood of Campnosperma brevipetiolata Volk. or tigaso oil, is applied to the body to repel lice and fleas.The pharmacological potentials of Campnosperma brevipetiolata Volk. remain unexplored. Note that Campnosperma panamense destroys Plasmodium falciparum cultured in vitro (Weniger B etal., 2001).

Fig. 228. Campnosperma brevipetiolata Volk.

light grey and reddish and the wood light, soft, of commercial value and yields a yellowish sapwood. Leaves: simple, spiral, arranged in groups at the apex of stems, and without stipules. The petiole is 2mm-3mm long, stout, and channeled. The blade is spathulate, leathery, 12 cm x 3cm-23cm x 7.5 cm, dark green and glossy above and light green below. The margin is entire and recurved. The midrib is flattened above and raised below. The blade shows 1013 pairs of well-developed secondary nerves on both sides, as well as a network of tertiary nerves. The inflorescences are axillary racemes of tiny greenish flowers. The fruits are ovoid, small, and green with red patches (Fig. 228).

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