Brucea javanica L Merr

[After J Bruce, 1730-1794, a Scottish scholar and explorer and from Latin, javanica = from Java]

Synonymy: Brucea amarissima (Lour.) Desv. ex Gomes, Brucea sumatrana Roxb., Gonus amarissimus Lour.

Common name: Java Brucea; ladah pahit (Malay); ya dan zi (Chinese).

Physical description: It is a tree which grows to a height of 10 m in a geographical zone ranging from India to New Guinea. Leaves: 20cm-50cm, without stipules, and compound. The blade consists of 3-15 pairs of oblong, lanceolate or ovate, 1.5 cm-5 cm x 3.5 cm-11 cm folioles which are sparsely, hairy above and lobed. The petiolules are 2 mm-9 mm long. The flowers are unisexual, arranged in axillary panicles which are greenish-white, greenish-red or purplish. The calyx comprises of 4 sepals joined at the base. The corolla comprises of 4 petals. The nectary disc is thick and 4-lobed. The andrecium consists of 4 stamens in male flowers. The gynecium consists of 4 carpels which are free, with each containing a single ovule. The fruits are black, glossy drupes which are 4 mm-5 mm long (Fig. 232).

Fig. 232. Brucea javanica (L.) Merr.
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