Brassica juncea L Cosson

[From Latin, Brassica = cabbage and juncea = rush-like]

Common names: Indian mustard; moutarde de /'Inde, moutarde rouge (French); pakkai (Malay); mostaza (Filipino); mostarde da India (Portuguese); rajika (Sanskrit); kadugu (Tamil).

Physical description: It is a herb which grows to a height of 40 cm-50 cm in India, Malaysia, East Asia, Africa, Madagascar, West Indies and South America. The stems are glabrous. Leaves: simple, spiral and without stipules. The petiole is 2cm-8cm long, and is longer, channeled and sheathing at the base of the stem. The blade is orbicular, glabrous and 12 cm x 5 cm-4 cm x 1 cm. The apex is obtuse, the margin is laxly toothed and the base is tapered. The blade shows 5-6 pairs of secondary nerves which are flat above and raised below. The inflorescences are terminal and axillary racemes of little yellow flowers. The fruits are capsular, long and thin and contain numerous seeds which are minute (Fig. 125).

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