Aristolochia tagala Cham

[From Greek, aristo = best and lochia = delivery

Physical description: It is a climber which grows in the geographical zone

Aristolochia Roxburghiana
Fig. 31. Aristolochia tagala Cham. From: Ex. Herbario BC Stone. Field collector & botanical identification: BC Stone, 4 Jul 1977. Geographical localization: altitude 1000 ft, Selangor, Kuala Lumpur, University of Malaya campus, Malaysia.

Synonymy: Aristolochia roxburghiana Klotzsch.

Common names: Roxburgh's Aristolochia; kalayar, puyan, kunit (Indonesian); akarketola hutan (Malay); goan-goan, nagerus, timbangan (Filipino); krachao mot, krachaopheemot (Thai); daaly khoos (Vietnamese).

spanning India to Papua New Guinea. The stems are smooth, terete and glabrous. Leaves: light green, spiral and without stipules. The petiole is 2.5cm-3.5cm long. The blade is sagitate, 14 cm x 7.5cm-12cm x 7 cm, and leathery. The margin is recurved. The blade shows 3-5 pairs of secondary nerves. The tertiary nerves are showily scalariform underneath. The fruits are axillary, 5-lobed, basket-shaped, and 2 cm x 1.5cm-3cm x 2.5 cm when opened. The seeds are numerous, flat and small (Fig. 31).

Pharmaceutical interest: The usefulness of Aristolochia tagala Cham. in dermatology has been assessed (Konigsbauer H, 1968). It will be interesting to learn whether more intensive future research on Aristolochia tagala Cham. will disclose any molecules of therapeutic interest.

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