Ardisia crispa A DC

Synonymy: Ardisia hortorum Maxim., Ardisia crispa var. angusta Clarke, Ardisia crenata Sims.

Common names: Village ardisia; hens eye; mata ayam (Malay).

[From Greek, ardis = sharp and from Latin, crispus = curled]

Physical description: It is a shrub which grows to a height of 3 m. It is found in the wilds or cultivated in vacant plots, open grounds, villages, seashores and the secondary rainforests of Southern Asia. Leaves: 10 cm x 4 cm, simple, alternate and without stipules. The petiole is slender. The blade is narrowly elliptic, tapered toward the apex and the base is dark green, glossy, and succulent. The margin is laxly crenate.The inflorescences are terminal. The flowers are small and whitish-pink. The calyx consists of 5 free sepals. The corolla is short and tubular, and consists of 5 spreading petals. The andrecium comprises of 5 short pediceled stamens with large anthers, with the entire structure forming a conspicuous cone around the style. The fruits are red, glossy, globose and 5 mm long berries (Fig. 137).

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