Ananas comosus L Merr

Physical description: It is a stout, herbaceous plant native to tropical America. The stems are erect and 50cm-1.5m long. Leaves: numerous, 1 m-1.5m x 5cm-7cm, finely toothed and acuminate. The flowers are perfect and arranged in the axil of the bracts. The calyx consists of 3 short sepals. The corolla comprises of 3 petals that are purple, free with a pair of scales at the base. The andrecium consists of 6 stamens. The ovary is inferior and the style is filiform. The fruits are conical, spirally-arranged into large ovoid, succulent palatable infructescences crowned with persistent bracts.

Synonymy: Ananas sativus Schult., Ananassa sativa Lind.

Common names: Pineapple, nannati (Burmese); mneas (Cambodian); nanas (Malay); pina (Filipino); ama (Sanskrit); anassapalamss (Tamil); ananas, chardon du BreUsil (French).

Uses: Ananas comosus (L.) Merr. was first made known in Europe through Hernandez in 1513. In Indonesia, the fruit is used to promote digestion and to soothe sore throat. In Malaysia, the juice expressed from the green fruit is used to threaten abortion, relieve the bowels of costiveness and to expel intestinal worms. A decoction of the leaves is used to treat venereal diseases. In Vietnam, the fruit is used to expel impurities when ripe, promote urination, expel stones from the kidneys and to treat gonorrhea.

Pharmaceutical interest: The ripe fruit and the stems of Ananas como-sus (L.) Merr. contain a series of proteolytic enzymes known as

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