Allamanda cathartica L

[After Dr. Allamand who sent seeds of the plant to Linnaeus and from Greek, kathartikos = purgative]

Physical description: It is a common garden and street ornamental climbing shrub of the Asia-Pacific which is native to South America. It grows to a height of 4 m. The stems are terete, smooth and exude an abundant milky latex when incised. Leaves: simple, verticillate by 3-5, sessile, without stipules, glabrous beneath, leathery, and glossy. The blade is 8 cm-15 cm x 4 cm-5 cm,

Common names: Yellow allamanda; bunga telur raja (Malay), jaharsontakka (Sanskrit); jasmin d'amarille, orelie de la Guyane, alamande (French).

and oblong-lanceolate. The base of the blade is acute, while the apex is acuminate. The flowers are golden yellow. The corolla is tubular, 3cm x 2cm, inflated, 5-lobed, with the lobes being round, 2cm long and contorted in buds. The fruits are spiny capsules (Fig. 257).

Uses: The leaves of Allamanda cathartica L. are used in a number of Asian countries to treat costiveness of the bowels, and to induce vomiting. In Indonesia, the latex is introduced into hollowed teeth to assuage pain. In India, the leaves are used to relieve the bowels of costiveness; the bark is to treat ascite; and the roots is to counteract snake-poisoning.

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