Agelaea trinervis Llanos Merr

Synonymy: Agelaea wallichii Hook f., Castanola trinervis Llanos, Agelaea cambodiana Pierre, Agelaea wallichii JD Hooker, Castanola glabrifolia Schellenberg, Castalona obliqua Schellenberg.

Common names: Kalam malam (Malay); lidou teng (Chinese).

[From Greek, agelios = a herd and tri = 3 and neuron = nerve]

Physical description: It is a woody climber which grows to a length of 7 m in the primary and secondary rainforests of China, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, the Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam. The wood is reddish and the bark is dark grey. Leaves: 3-foliolate, spiral and without stipules. The rachis is 3cm-10cm long. The petiolules are stout. The folioles are coriaceous, elliptic, lanceolate, 6.5cm-14cm x 2.7cm-7.2cm. The margin is wavy and recurved. The blade shows 3-4 pairs of secondary nerves which are flat above and raised beneath. The inflorescences are axillary and velvety panicles. The flowers are 1 cm x 7 mm, and cream-colored with a red calyx. The fruits are dehiscent, 1 cm long follicles each containing a single seed which is black and glossy, and embedded in a yellow aril (Fig. 141).

Uses: In Malaysia, Agelaea trinervis (Llanos) Merr. is used to treat rheumatism and to stimulate venereal desire.

Fig. 141. Agelaea trinervis (Llanos) Merr. From: KLU Herbarium 11675. Flora of Malaya. Field collectorand botanical identification: Benjamin C Stone. July 1970. Geographical localization: Pahang, Tasek Bera, low altitude.

Pharmaceutical interest: The pharmacological potential of this plant and of the genus Agelaea in general is virtually unexplored. It will be interesting

Fig. 141. Agelaea trinervis (Llanos) Merr. From: KLU Herbarium 11675. Flora of Malaya. Field collectorand botanical identification: Benjamin C Stone. July 1970. Geographical localization: Pahang, Tasek Bera, low altitude.

to learn whether a more intensive study on Agelaea species will disclose any 1,4 benzoquinones of chemotherapeutic interest.

Warning: Caution must be taken as the toxic effects of this plant are unknown.

Continue reading here: Cnestis palala Lour Merr

Was this article helpful?

0 0