Scientific Definitions

Talking about addiction and dependence can be confusing, because different people use the words to mean different things. According to most scientists: addiction is a primary, chronic, neurobiological disease, with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. It is characterized by behaviors that include one or more of the following:

• impaired control over drug use

• compulsive use

• continued use despite harm, and craving.

The American Psychiatric Association (APA) and the World Health Organization (WHO) use the word "dependence" for the same concept. A more common definition for physical dependence, however, is this:

A state of adaptation that is manifested by a drug class specific withdrawal syndrome that can be produced by abrupt cessation, rapid dose reduction, decreasing blood level of drug and/or administration of an antagonist and is relieved by the readministration of the drug or another drug of the same pharmacologic class.

they had information on the Internet, so if they also had access to information on how to do it relatively safely, should pro-DXM sites be automatically condemned? Of course, other people argue that the sites are advocating drug abuse, no matter how concerned about users' safety they seem to be.

A similar question concerning the media has arisen as well. One of the reasons that DXM abuse has not exploded into the general culture is that the number of people aware of it remains relatively small. Media campaigns against DXM abuse will increase the public's awareness of the problem. They also have the potential of bringing the idea of abusing DXM to the attention of someone who might not otherwise have thought of abusing the drug. The benefits and risks of educating parents and teens about the dangers involved with abusing cough medicines must be weighed; will the benefits outweigh the risks, making such campaigns worthwhile?

Continue reading here: Is DXM Really Addictive

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