Different Drug at Different Amounts

Dextromethorphan, as found in cough and cold medicines, is generally a safe and beneficial drug; it is only dangerous if used beyond the suggested dosage listed on the product package. In fact, cough medicines are generally extremely safe with very few side effects. Because of their safety record, they are sold directly to consumers who have determined that they need the medicine. It is an accepted practice for people with colds, allergies, and headaches to treat themselves with OTC drugs; there is no need for a doctor to write a prescription.

DXM is an antitussive, a medicine that combats coughing. In small amounts, it treats coughing, itchy throats, runny noses, and congestion from colds, allergies, and the flu. It begins to work after approximately fifteen to thirty minutes, and acts to alleviate coughing for three to six hours.

Over-the-counter drugs do not require a doctor's prescription to buy; they are the medications available in any drugstore.

OTC medicines containing dextromethorphan are easily identified. Often, the medicine contains the word "tuss" in its name, referring to the classification of its type of substance: an antitussive drug, or one that reduces coughing. At other times, the labeling may use the terms "DX" or "maximum strength." Additionally, all medicines containing DXM will list it under the active ingredients found in the product.

However, DXM becomes dangerous when taken in higher-than-accepted doses. Users describe four stages, or plateaus, of DXM abuse. The first plateau, corresponding to lower doses of DXM, includes mild euphoria and impairment. Users experiencing the intermediate plateaus lose motor skills and control of their senses, have stronger euphoric feelings, and may start to hallucinate. The first and intermediate plateaus are sometimes compared to the effects of drinking alcohol to the point of drunkenness. The highest plateau, caused by the ingestion of extremely large amounts of DXM, can lead to out-of-body experiences and extreme hallucinations. Users compare this plateau to being high on ketamine or PCP.

Continue reading here: DXMs History

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