Diazepam Valium

Prescription under medical supervision - Anxiolytic, sedative, anticonvulsant, muscle relaxant Also comes in 2 mg and 10 mg tablets and 1 oral solution. Dosage - Child 0.5 mg kg day in 3 divided doses - Adult 5 to 15 mg day in 3 divided doses - Do not exceed indicated doses. Duration according to clinical response the shortest duration possible. Contra-indications, adverse effects, precautions - Do not administer to patients with severe respiratory insufficiency or severe hepatic impairment. -...

Volume expanders

- Prevention of hypotension induced by spinal anaesthesia - Large amounts to be infused rapidly 1 to 1.5 times the estimated fluid loss * Length of time during which the fluid remains in the intravascular compartment after infusion. For more information, refer to relevant fact-sheet.

Calcium Folinate Folinic Acid Refolinon

Prescription under medical supervision - Antidote to folate antagonists - Prevention of haemotological toxicity of pyrimethamine when pyrimethamine is used as prophylaxis for, or in the treatment of toxoplasmosis or isosporiasis in immunodeficient patients Also comes in 5 mg and 25 mg capsules. - When pyrimethamine is used as primary or secondary prophylaxis for toxoplasmosis Adult 25 to 30 mg once weekly - During treatment of toxoplasmosis Adult 10 to 25 mg once daily - During treatment of...

Contraindications adverse effects precautions

- Do not administer to patients with known allergy to tetanus antiserum. - May cause hypersensitivity reactions, anaphylactic shock, Quinke oedema serum sickness up to 10 days after injection. - Administer following Besredka's method inject 0.1 ml by SC route and wait 15 minutes if no local or general allergic reactions occur, inject 0.25 ml by SC route and wait 15 minutes if no reactions, administer the injection by IM route. - Ensure that the injection does not enter a blood vessel (risk of...

Bisacodyl Dulcolax

- Prevention of constipation in patients taking opioid analgesics (codeine, morphine, etc.) - Short-term, symptomatic treatment of constipation - Child over 3 years 5 to 10 mg once daily - Adult 10 to 15 mg once daily - Prevention of constipation in patients taking opioids start bisacodyl when analgesic treatment continues more than 48 hours. Tablets must be taken daily, at night (bisacodyl is effective 6 to 12 hours after administration), until the end of the opioid treatment. Regular follow...

Classification

- There are 3 main types of insulin preparations, differing in onset and duration of action - Duration of action is indicated for each preparation by the manufacturer. For each preparation, onset and duration vary greatly according to the patient and route of administration. - The type of insulin used depends on the type of diabetes, patient's age and blood glucose levels.

Amoxicillin Amoxil Clamoxyl

Prescription under medical supervision - Respiratory and ENT infections (pneumonia, sinusitis, otitis media, streptococcal tonsillitis), stomatologic infections, urinary infections (cystitis), gastrointestinal and biliary infections, infection due to Helicobacter pylori (in combination with omeprazole and metronidazole or tinidazole), leptospirosis, etc. - Parenteral to oral switch therapy - 250 mg and 500 mg tablets or capsules - Powder for oral suspension, 125 mg 5 ml - Child 50 mg kg day in...

Chloroquine sulfate or phosphate Nivaquine

Given that resistance of P. falciparum to chloroquine is widespread, this drug must not be used for the treatment of falciparum malaria in Africa, South America, Asia and Oceania. - Treatment of malaria due to P. vivax, P. ovale and P. malariae - Treatment of uncomplicated falciparum malaria, only in areas where P. falciparum is still sensitive to chloroquine (Central America, Haiti and Dominican Republic) - Prophylaxis of falciparum malaria for non-immune individuals, only in areas where...

Dosage and vaccination schedule

- Prevention of tetanus in wound management Complete vaccination (3 doses or more) Time elapsed since last dose < 5 years 5-10 years > 10 years (less than 3 doses) or no vaccination or unknown vaccination status Start* or complete tetanus vaccination Start* or complete tetanus vaccination and administer tetanus immunoglobulin * At least 2 doses administered 4 weeks apart, then 3 additional doses administered according to the same protocol as that used for women of childbearing age, to...

Dosage and duration

- Treatment of oesophageal candidiasis Child 3 mg kg once daily (maximum 12 mg kg day) for 14 to 21 days Adult 100 to 200 mg once daily (maximum 400 mg day) for 14 to 21 days - Treatment of oropharyngeal candidiasis Child 3 mg kg once daily for 7 to 14 days Adult 100 mg once daily for 7 to 14 days - Treatment of vaginal candidiasis Adult 150 mg as a single dose (to be repeated after 72 hours if severe) - Secondary prophylaxis of oropharyngeal and oesophageal candidiasis Child 3 to 6 mg kg once...

Beclometasone aerosol Beclazone Becotide

Prescription under medical supervision - Anti-inflammatory drug (corticosteroid) - Long term treatment of persistent asthma Presentation and route of administration - Pressurized inhalation solution of beclomatesone dipropionate, 50 micrograms and 250 micrograms inhalation Also comes in aerosol inhaler delivering 100 micrograms and 200 micrograms inhalation. The dosage varies from one person to another. The initial dose depends on the severity of symptoms. It may be increased or reduced over...

Ethinylestradiollevonorgestrel Microgynon 30 Minidril

Prescription under medical supervision - Combined hormonal contraceptive, estrogen-progestogen - Oral contraception Presentation - 21-day pack 21 active tablets of 30 g ethinylestradiol + 150 g levonorgestrel - 28-day pack 21 active tablets of 30 g ethinylestradiol + 150 g levonorgestrel and 7 inactive tablets - Start the first day of menstruation or immediately after abortion or as of the 21st day after childbirth, if the woman does not breastfeed. - 21-day pack 1 tablet daily at the same...

Cloxacillin Cloxapen Orbenin

Prescription under medical supervision - Penicillin antibacterial active against penicillinase-producing staphylococci - Infections due to staphylococci resistant to penicillin staphylococcal pneumonia, skin infections (impetigo, furunculosis), etc. - Parenteral to oral switch therapy (pyomyositis, septicaemia, etc.) - 250 mg, 500 mg and 1 g capsules - Powder for oral solution, 125 mg 5 ml - Child 50 to 100 mg kg day depending on severity, in 2 to 4 divided doses, without exceeding 2 g day -...

Viratop Zovirax

Prescription under medical supervision - Antiviral active against herpes simplex virus and varicella zoster virus - Treatment of recurrent or extensive oral herpes in immunocompromised patients - Secondary prophylaxis of herpes in patients with frequent and or severe recurrences - Treatment of herpetic kerato-uveitis - Treatment of severe forms of zoster necrotic or extensive forms, facial zoster, ophthalmic Also comes in 400 mg and 800 mg tablets and 200 mg 5 ml and 800 mg 10 ml oral...

Amitriptyline Elavil Laroxyl Triptyzol

Prescription under medical supervision - Sedating tricyclic antidepressant - Depression in adults, especially when a sedative effect is required anxiety, agitation, insomnia - 10 mg, 25 mg and 50 mg tablets Initial dose of 75 mg day in2to3 divided doses, or once daily at night, gradually increased, if necessary, to a maximum dose of 150 mg day Initial dose of 25 mg day at night for one week, followed by 50 mg day at night for one week then 75 mg day at night - Reduce the dose by one-half in...

Amodiaquine Aq Camoquin

Prescription under medical supervision - Treatment of uncomplicated falciparum malaria, in combination with artesunate - Completion treatment following parenteral therapy for severe falciparum malaria, in combination with artesunate - 200 mg amodiaquine hydrochloride tablet, containing 153 mg amodiaquine base - Child and adult 10 mg base kg once daily for 3 days Contra-indications, adverse effects, precautions - Do not administer in the event of previous severe adverse reaction to treatment...

Ascorbic Acid Vitamin C Laroscorbine Redoxon Vitascorbol

- Treatment and prevention of scurvy vitamin C deficiency Also comes in 250 mg, 500 mg and 1 g tablets. Child 150 to 200 mg day in 3 or 4 divided doses Adult 500 to 750 mg day in 3 or 4 divided doses The treatment is continued until symptoms improve 1 to 2 weeks , then a preventive treatment is given as long as the situation requires. Child and adult 25 to 50 mg day, as long as the situation requires Contra-indications, adverse effects, precautions - Ascorbic acid is well tolerated at indicated...