Statistics And Patterns Of Ghb Use And Abuse

GHB is currently extremely popular in the dance club and rave scene. It is also popular among the gay community as well as with exotic dancers and strippers. It is primarily used for its ability to produce euphoria, intoxication, and enhanced sexual feelings. Others use it as a sleep aid or to enhance bodybuilding. Still others use it intentionally as a date rape drug. Abusers of other drugs, such as cocaine or methamphetamine, often take GHB to reduce the withdrawal ironic and paradoxical,...

Psychological And Physical Effects Of Methamphetamine

When methamphetamine is smoked or injected intravenously, it produces a rapid intense rush, flash, or euphoria (very pleasurable sensation) within 3-5 minutes of taking the drug. This rush only lasts a few minutes and is not usually experienced after snorting the drug or taking it orally in pill form. After the rush wears off (usually after a few more minutes), the user becomes extremely alert, active, energetic, and restless, Yaba Methamphetamine From the Far East Recently there has been a...

History And Legal Status

Methamphetamine is a potent stimulant that was first synthesized by a Japanese scientist in the early 1900s as an analogue of amphetamine for use as a nasal decongestant, antiasthma drug, and weight loss aid. However, it was not used commercially until the 1940s when it was manufactured and marketed as Methedrine by the pharmaceutical company Burroughs Wellcome. During World War II, methamphetamine was given frequently to soldiers to help fight fatigue and hunger, and to increase physical...

Ecstasy As A Date Rape Drug

Ecstasy is not as commonly used as a date rape drug as GHB or Rohypnol, primarily because it does not incapacitate the victim or make him or her unable to ward off sexual advances. In addition, Ecstasy is relatively insolu-able in many liquids. Also, Ecstasy actually tends to make male users impotent and unable to achieve an erection. This impotence is increasingly common in men who repeatedly use Ecstasy. This has spurred the popularity of a new drug combination, Viagra (a drug that helps men...

Illegal Sale Of Rohypnol

Rohypnol is illegal in the United States. So, how does it get in the country The answer is smugglers. Since the pills are very small, Rohypnol tablets can easily be smuggled through the mail, in luggage, or on airplanes. Rohypnol is also easily available from pharmacies in Mexico, and smugglers often hide the drug in cars as they cross the border from Mexico to the United States. The year 1995 produced the largest number of Rohypnol seizures by the DEA thus far, with more than 160,000 illegal...

What Methamphetamine Looks Like And How It Is Taken

Forms Meth

Methamphetamine most often comes in the form of white or clear crystals, which give it its nickname ice or glass. Methamphetamine crystals can also be brown in color. These crystals are most often smoked with a pipe or snorted Figure 2.1 and can easily be dissolved in water and injected intravenously. Methamphetamine crystals are also taken rectally. Meth powder and crystals often contain contaminants and impurities including lead from the chemical synthesis process that are often toxic....

Ghb Overdoses Inspire A Federal

Up until 2000, most laws regarding GHB and its analogues were primarily up to the legislature of each individual state. As a consequence, enforcement of laws regarding GHB was difficult. However, on February 18, 2000, President Bill Clinton signed a new federal bill into law regarding the use of GHB. The bill, HR 2130, was inspired by the lobbying efforts of the families of two teenagers, Hillory J. Farias and Samantha Reid, who both overdosed on GHB in the late 1990s. The bill became known as...

Meperidine And Its Analogues

Synthesis Meperidine

Meperidine Figure 7.4 was introduced in the 1930s as an alternative to morphine for relieving pain. Its advantage over morphine was that its duration of action was shorter and it had fewer unwanted side effects such as sedation and constipation. However, meperidine turned out to be less potent than morphine as a painkiller. This inspired underground chemists to try to synthesize more potent analogues of meperidine, with hopes that increasing the potency might give heroin addicts another way to...

Psychological And Physical Effects Of Ketamine

The chemical structure of ketamine is similar to that of the potent psychedelic PCP Figure 6.2 . Not surprisingly, ketamine produces many psychedelic effects that are similar to those produced by PCP. However, ketamine's effects are much shorter in duration a trip on ketamine may last only 30-60 minutes, whereas a trip on PCP may last several hours. The onset of ketamine's actions is quite rapid i.e., within minutes , especially if snorted or injected intravenously. Figure 6.1 Ketamine was...

Methamphetamine And Adolf Hitler

Methamphetamine was widely used by soldiers in World War II because its potent stimulant effects kept them awake and alert for longer periods of time and increased their physical endurance. One infamous user of methamphetamine during wartime was one of the most evil men of the twentieth century Adolf Hitler. Hitler started receiving daily injections of methamphetamine from his personal physician Dr. T. Morrell in 1942, and it was reported he could not function without his daily doses. Hitler...

Fentanyl And Its Analogues

Cut Heroin With Fentanyl

Fentanyl was introduced to the United States in 1968 by the Janssen Pharmaceutical Company and marketed under the trade name Sublimaze. Its primary purpose was for use as an intravenous anesthetic and analgesic. It is 100 times more potent than morphine in reducing pain, and its duration of action is only 30 minutes compared to morphine, which lasts several hours . Over the years, fentanyl has proved to be an extremely useful drug, and to date, it is still widely used for surgeries, childbirth,...