Fentanyl And Its Analogues

Cut Heroin With Fentanyl

Fentanyl was introduced to the United States in 1968 by the Janssen Pharmaceutical Company and marketed under the trade name Sublimaze. Its primary purpose was for use as an intravenous anesthetic and analgesic. It is 100 times more potent than morphine in reducing pain, and its duration of action is only 30 minutes compared to morphine, which lasts several hours . Over the years, fentanyl has proved to be an extremely useful drug, and to date, it is still widely used for surgeries, childbirth,...

What Methamphetamine Looks Like And How It Is Taken

What Does Meth Look Like Pictures

Methamphetamine most often comes in the form of white or clear crystals, which give it its nickname ice or glass. Methamphetamine crystals can also be brown in color. These crystals are most often smoked with a pipe or snorted Figure 2.1 and can easily be dissolved in water and injected intravenously. Methamphetamine crystals are also taken rectally. Meth powder and crystals often contain contaminants and impurities including lead from the chemical synthesis process that are often toxic....

Statistics And Patterns Of Ghb Use And Abuse

GHB is currently extremely popular in the dance club and rave scene. It is also popular among the gay community as well as with exotic dancers and strippers. It is primarily used for its ability to produce euphoria, intoxication, and enhanced sexual feelings. Others use it as a sleep aid or to enhance bodybuilding. Still others use it intentionally as a date rape drug. Abusers of other drugs, such as cocaine or methamphetamine, often take GHB to reduce the withdrawal ironic and paradoxical,...

Statistics And Patterns Of Methamphetamine Use And Abuse

Statistics Drugs Different States

In the past, methamphetamine use and abuse in the United States was most prevalent in individuals who needed to remain awake and alert due to the nature of their occupations long-haul truckers, for example and in some fringe members of society. Today, however, it is predominantly used by white males in their 20s and 30s and is becoming more popular with teenagers at dance clubs and raves. For these reasons, methamphetamine can be considered a club drug. Methamphetamine use is also increasing...

Meperidine And Its Analogues

Synthesis Meperidine

Meperidine Figure 7.4 was introduced in the 1930s as an alternative to morphine for relieving pain. Its advantage over morphine was that its duration of action was shorter and it had fewer unwanted side effects such as sedation and constipation. However, meperidine turned out to be less potent than morphine as a painkiller. This inspired underground chemists to try to synthesize more potent analogues of meperidine, with hopes that increasing the potency might give heroin addicts another way to...