Backyard Composting

Organic Gardeners Composting

Organic Gardeners Composting

Have you always wanted to grow your own vegetables but didn't know what to do? Here are the best tips on how to become a true and envied organic gardner.

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The Keys to a Great Compost

This informative eBook demonstrates the best ways to compost in order to improve your garden, make your vegetables and fruits taste better, and help save the soil and the environment. Over 20% of landfills are simply kitchen waste that could easily be recycled Why waste what you already produce? You have an easy source of organic health for your own garden at home, without having to spend large amounts of money in order to make really healthy soil. With today's composting technology, you can compost as much as suits your needs! If that is a little compost for a small home garden or a large plot that you grow food for your family or business, composting will be an easy and cheap way to improve the quality of your soil and thus your vegetables as well! This guide shows you every method of composting; from free methods you can do with no extra money all the way to elaborate by easy to set up composting rigs. Improve the environment, and get better tasting food!

The Keys to a Great Compost Summary


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Worlds Best Compost

What you'll discover in The Worlds Best Compost e-book: The method of feeding plants in a totally natural way that results in the tastiest, most divine food you and your family will ever have. Why youll use much less water in your garden using colloidal humus compost (and how youll be saving time, money, effort and even the environment!) The secret to healthy soil through massive microbial action. (If you could see these microscopic guys at work there's more action than a Schwarzenegger movie on crack!) The shameful, sheep mentality almost all agriculture and garden advisors suffer from that costs you time and money using dangerous, toxic gardening and horticulture practices (and is murdering our planet in the process!) How to develop a soil that. Read more...

Worlds Best Compost Summary

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Author: Rod Turner
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Plastic Sandwich Bags

Compared to growing outdoor cannabis, producing synthetic pills takes a lot more energy while creating unnecessary waste and pollution. Cannabis can be grown, picked, and left to dry before consumption just like other common herbs with no negative impact on the environment. This herbal plant that many medicinal cannabis users applaud for its array of healing and meditative properties is not only a totally natural product, but it could actually add a benefit to the earth, because any waste products can be recycled through composting. In addition, any tax money collected from legalized sale of cannabis could be earmarked for environmental clean up and sustainability research. Although legalizing cannabis could help reduce the carbon footprint and negative environmental impact associated with the black market economy that now exists, there is still much that growers, traders, and consumers can do now to go green. Although buying locally is definitely an eco-friendly concept, it is not...

Caution Dry perlite produces an obnoxious dust Wet it down before using it

BARK - is lightweight, absorbs water and holds air in its pores. As it comes in contact with fertilized water it slowly deteriorates, becoming more of a compost. It is used extensively by commercial greenhouse growers. It can be substituted for lava and it weighs much less.

What Growers Do In The Confusion

Successful houseplant growers often choose their favorite house plant mix. Here are some adaptions of popular mixes. The mixes with soil, compost or worm castings contain some nutrients for plants and help to buffer the nutrients supplied through the water. Buffering means holding nutrients within the chemical structure so that they are temporarily unavailable. This helps prevent over fertilization.

Nutrients and Fertilizing

Plants which are being grown in soil mixes or mixes with nutrients added such compost, worm castings or manure do better when watered with a dilute soluble fertilizer, too. When a non-nutritive medium is used, the nutrients are supplied as a solution in the water from the beginning.

Transfer From Grain To Grain

Transferring in this fashion (grain to grain) leads to the quickest growth in the new bottle as each rye grain inoculum serves as a point source for new growth. Also cultures seem to lag for a period in moving from agar to grain or any compost medium. TRANSFER TO COMPOST (NON-STERILE) The grain-grown cultures can be used to inoculate properly prepared compost for carpophore production. In this case the transfer is done non-sterilely. If the compost is done properly, unlike the grain medium, it will be selective for mushroom growth and resist the growth of a whole multitude of yeast and p nicillium type contamination. Therefore, when the compost is laid out (in boxes, bags whatever area or container) a layer of grain spawn is sprinkled out over the top and covered with a few inches of compost and allowed to incubate for three to four weeks before induction of carpophores (or two if the temperature and humidity are high enough 55*75 F and a 70-80 humidity, depending on the species)....

Cropping Cycles Mushrooms

Species, the mass of final substrate is a mere faction of the original formula. The end material is reduced to a soft loam and is best used for compost or soil enhancement. After running several species through the same substrate, Chang & Miles (1989, p.332) found that the net available nitrogen in the waste substrate actually increased, proportionately. Using cotton waste, the total nitrogen of the fresh compost waste was 0.63 . After the Paddy Straw mushroom produced on it, the residual nitrogen become 1.54 . After taking this same waste substrate and inoculating it with Oyster mycelium P. ostreatus var florida), the nitrogen increased to 1.99 . (The effect that spawn had on the substrate was not described. A 10 spawning rate with rye could substantially affect these figures. If substrate spawn was used, the net effect would be much less.) The end result of species sequencing is the production of a rich humus, ideal for gardening. This concept is further incorporated into the...

The Phase H Chamber Steam Pasteurization

Pasteurization Chamber

Complish composting, but rather a way of tendering the straw fiber, especially the waxy, outer cuticle. In contrast to composting, the straw is not allowed to self-heat. Once evenly moistened, the straw is now ready for loading into the steam chamber. A common oversight in steaming a mass of straw or compost s the failure to chart, every 30 minutes, the temperature profile of the mass. By measur ng and charting, trend analysis is possible. If the climb in temperature is not anticipated, and reduced at the right time the

Volvariella volvacea Bulliard Fi ies Singer

Link Trainer Instrument Panel

Distribution Thriving throughout tropical and subtropical Asia this mushroom grows singly or in groups Also found in eastern North America in hot houses, composts, or soils, especially in the southeastern states Discarded experiments from the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, Canada are suspected in creating a recurring patch of the Paddy Straw mushroom which persisted for nearly a decade. (Kroeger (1993)). Natura' Habitat On composting rice straw, sugar cane residue, leaf piles, and compost heaps during periods of warm weather from the spring through autumn. Several reports of this species growing in northern temperate climates have been traced to escapees from mushroom cultivators. Natural Method of Cultivation On rice straw using a simple composting technique. Straw and cot Recommended Courses for Expansion of Mycelial Mass to Achieve Fruiting Traditional or liquid fermentation methods work well for spawn generation Indoors, commercial cultivators use a single stage...

Of the Genus Pleurotus

Packaging Fresh Harvested Mushrooms

Most extraordinary about Oyster mushrooms is their conversion of substrate mass into mushrooms. Biological efficiencies often exceed 100 , some of the greatest, if not the greatest, in the world of cultivated mushrooms. In the course of decomposing dry straw, nearly 50 of the mass is liberated as gaseous carbon dioxide, 20 is lost as residual water 20 remains as spent compost, and 10 is converted into dry mushrooms. (See Figure 39 and Chapter 7 for an explanation of Biological Effic jncy.) This yield can be also expressed as a 25 conversion of the wet mass of the substrate into fresh mushrooms. This formula is greatly affected by the stage at which the mushrooms are harvested.

Small Perlite Shroomariums by Bacchus

Cake is enough for 2 - 4 people to trip on, although 2 is probably the better figure. Some of my best trips were on half a rice cake chopped up and cooked in an omelete That's what I love about the rice-cake method--when the shrooms stop growing there's no waste Speaking of no waste, if I ever had a rice cake that I didn't want to risk eating I might use it to innoculate a compost pile or a pasture full of cow shit by inserting a small piece into each cow-pie or into the compost pile. Just think of the idea of starting a culture of wild mushrooms in your area -)

Twisting Leaves Using Triple F Hydrotops

I don't buy ready mixed earth but prefer to put my own mixture together. This consists of a good quality compost and or 50 percent coco fibre, 30 percent Perlite, 15 percent self-made compost and 5 percent premix. During the whole process of mixing the soil I add Maerl-chalk to it in order to stabilise the pH, and bone meal in order to enrich the whole thing with extra phosphorus. Once it has been well mixed I spray the mixture with water and leave it to ripen for two to four weeks in plastic sacks. Before I actually use the soil mix, I give it all a final vigorous stir. By the way, I use rain water to quench the thirst of my plants when it is to hand. Nevertheless, I do prefer a nice dry sky during the outdoor season. Once a week I make sure they are given additional nutrients by using liquid fertilizer, such as Biobizz groei during the growth period. As I said earlier, I use pots of between 50 and concept of building the soil with some of the more extreme sativa strains. This year,...

What are common contaminants of the mushroom culture

Green mold caused by Trichoderma harzianum is characterized by an aggressive, white mycelium that grows over the casing and onto mushrooms, causing a soft decay. Masses of spores that eventually form are emerald green. Heavily infested patches of compost are barren. This is currently the most important disease in the U.S. Agaricus industry. Many farms spread salt on the compost in affected areas when green mold is first recognized. Strict sanitation is essential. Shelving, trays, walls, floors, etc. may be surface disinfested as a matter of routine, but it is done with a sense of urgency following an outbreak of a disease. Many commercial products are available for cleaning surfaces. The base ingredients in these materials include chlorine, iodine, phenol, or quaternary ammonium, among others. Surface disinfectants are used farm-wide, from equipment sanitation to room washdowns to foot-dip solutions to picking basket prewash. Other Green Molds may be better defined as indicators sin...

Mushroom Cultivation Classic Findings And New Techniques

Figure Cultivation Rice

Succeeded at growing fruiting bodies of the species Psilocybe mexicana, using compost substrate as a medium. This type of substrate is the most widely used nutrient soil for commercial mushroom cultivation (champignons). The fruiting bodies grown by Heim and Cailleux provided the dried material that A. Hofmann and his collaborators used to isolate psilocybin and psilocin for the first time. In Basel, it was also possible to cultivate mycelia from different species on liquid solutions of malt extract. The mycelial tissue was found to produce psilocybin without having to go through the fruiting process. This important discovery became the basis for harvesting large amounts of alkaloids. Unlike the fruiting process, which yielded five harvests over the course of several months, a species' mycelial cultures produced much larger amounts of mushroom tissue in only four weeks (see Figure 41). The cultures were grown on stationary malt extract (4-6 ) with 0.2 agar added for increased...

Intoxications And The Oldest Known Mushroom Cult In Africa

Substrates, such as fallen twigs and raw compost, grounds littered with the remains from evergreen and deciduous trees or dung left behind by pasture animals. Among the mushroom species that may have grown in the area thousands of years ago, the most likely candidates are relatives of Psilocybe cubensis and Panaeolus cyanescens (dung-inhabiting species), Psilocybe semilanceata (a nitrophilic species) as well as Psilocybe cyanescens, a species that grows on top of raw compost. Interestingly, on October 24, 1912, R. Maire first collected several specimens of bluing, dark-spored mushrooms which he found growing on raw compost underneath some cedar trees in Algeria, at Chrea Pass near the city of Blida south of Algiers. He collected additional specimens every year up until 1926 and published his findings in 1928, naming the species Hypholoma cyanescens nov. spec

Gymnopilus Purpuratus Magnificent Mushrooms From South America

Mushrooms on Compost Mixture of Wood Chips and Pig Manure The mushroom was initially classified as Tricholomopsis rutilans (Schaeff. Fr.) Sing. However, this magnificent and beautiful mushroom was found to have spore dust colored orange to rusty brown, along with a well-formed, bright yellow cortina. It also turned blue in reaction to pressure and with age. Closer study revealed that the specimen was actually of the species Gymnopilus purpuratus, a mushroom that, after a hundred years, had once again been imported into Europe. The microclimate essential for the mushroom's growth had been created by mixing liquid pig manure with the discarded wood chips. A powerful composting process results from pouring the liquid manure onto heaps that are up to 20 yards long and several yards tall. The process is designed to eliminate both types of refuse. Measurements inside the heaps revealed temperatures of about 176 Fahrenheit. Consequently, the Gymnopilus species were able to thrive on the top...

Psilocybe Cyanescens Potent Mushrooms Growing On Wood Debris

Psilocybe Bohemica

While Psilocybe semilanceata is a species that has long been clearly defined and is well known by this name, there are, according to Krieglsteiner, other strongly bluing mushrooms that can be described as belonging to the Psilocybe cyanescens complex . These are all mushrooms that grow on raw compost and plant debris. Kubicka first discovered the species on December 6 and 13, 1942 in the Kresicky Creek Valley village of Poricko v Pozavi near Sazava (Czech Republic). In 1950, mycologist Herink described the mushrooms in detail. He also believes that Fries classified mushrooms of the Psilocybe cyanescens complex as Psilocybe callosa during the 19th century. On November 11, 1986 I had the opportunity to work with Herink and other Czech mycologists on a mycological field research project at the location, where we found 440 fruiting bodies (550 g or 19.6 ozs). Covering a segment almost two miles long, the species was fruiting among nettles along both sides of the creek on wood chips of...

Growing On Sterilized

The other choice at this stage involves moving on to the third step in the procedure, whereby mushrooms can be obtained by inducing the mycelium to fruit. In order for vigorous fruiting to take place, the mycelium must first be grown out onto sterilized rye, wheat, barley or other similar grain, so that a mass of mycelium weighing from 50-100 grams is obtained.Thegrowingof mushroom mycelium on sterilized grain is a standard procedure in commercial mushroom culture that is used toproduce spawn for inoculation into beds of horse-manure compost. The procedures described in this section are in fact adapted, with appropriate modifications, from a processoriginally developed by San Antonio (1971) for growing fruits of the common edible mushroom Agaricus bisporus under laboratory conditions. The steps involved in growing the mycelium onto rye-grain medium are described below.

Data On Various Psiocybian Species

Found in early summer through late autumn scattered, grouped, or clustered on cow dung, or rich soil in Florida and other southern states. Spores germinate easily easily on all agar media. Optimum growth occurs on MEA at 80 degrees F. Carpophores can be produced on uncased compost or on rye. Found from spring to autumn grouped or clustered often in rings up to two feet in diameter on open ground, freshly manured lawns, straw piles, all types of compost, dung piles, and roadsides in Ontario and throughout the USA (especially in Massachusetts, Maryland, New York, Ohio, Michigan, Washington, and Oregon). Optimum growth on MEA is at 86 degrees F. It occasionally occurs as a weed mushroom in commercial mushroom houses. Found in the summer during rainy season, grouped or clustered but rarely solitary, mostly in shady places on soil, sugar cane mulch, recently turned earth or stream banks - in Alabama, northern Florida and Mexico. The Mexican variety P. CAERULESCENS var. MAZATECORUM is known...

Variety is the spice of life

But why make things hard for yourself when they can be easy Thanks to the many grow shops in the UK you can simply buy earth that was designed for growing cannabis in from the outset. These high-quality soil mixes contain enough of the right nutrients for the whole grow cycle once you have done a two week pre-grow. The soil is airy too, since many have perlite mixed in. It will cost you a bit more but the added value these soils offer makes them worthwhile. Earth is very important. Your plant sinks its roots into it after all, so why skimp on it If you want to save money, do that everywhere else but on your soil. Better you buy cheaper seeds than to try and raise plants from expensive seeds sown in cheap soil. One more disadvantage of using cheap soil is that it soon gets hard and dries out. If you really, absolutely do not have room in your budget to get the good stuff, then it's best you buy cutting compost. This is the best quality of the cheaper soil mixes and at once the most...

Overview Of Pf Techniques

A note on water A recent update is worth mentioning. Water quality is indeed important. I have found out that natural water is the water to use. It makes for better cultivation of this mushroom on this simple substrate. Distilled water is good for making spore solutions and syringes and storing spore solution. But for growing, they seem to like the natural water such as swamp, lake, stream, pond,river, ground or any water that is rich in organics. I have heard that mineral type drinking water is good and makes a difference. I suppose that water seeping from an organic compost pile would be about the best.

Maintaining a Psilocybin Farm

Psilocybin Drug

Easily achieved if a spawning medium other than a liquid broth is used to cultivate the mycelium. Some people recreate natural growing conditions through the use of compost, whereas apartment cultivators often prefer the ease and low cost of a grain medium. Rye is the most commonly used grain medium because of its low cost and availability, and because its kernels don't clump together like other grains do.

Create your own hybrid weed

Richly bedecked with a thick layer of THC crystals. This trim waste is what's left after manicuring indoor-grown buds, and is often simply thrown away by many growers or left to rot on the compost heap. They would be much better off just giving it to a grower who has developed the making of top quality nederhash into a nice little hobby.

Some Common Soil Types

Is the organic constituent of soil, formed by the decomposition of plant materials and can be bought in bags at the local gardening shop. Most of these products try to eliminate bugs and other living matter from the soil but sometimes this is not 100 successful. Don't be too surprised if you find a worm or green fly in the package. Humus is also sometimes known as compost, but compost is the final mixture of manure (which is of organic origin), loam soil and some other mediums with added organic matter. Humus is that added organic matter stuff.

Isbn 0930180127

Growing Wild Mushrooms continues to be the most complete beginner's guide to growing mushrooms In print. Step-by-step instructions, with drawings and photographs, (16 in full color), introduce the novice to the full range of growing methods from sterile culture procedures (the basis of all tissue culture cloning tech niques) to indoor bottle gardens to indoor outdoor compost gardens. This newly revised edition includes an expanded compost section on producing small quantities of precisely mixed compost indoors and an updated taxonomy of selected psilocybin-containing mushrooms.


When I was volunteering on the scottish island last year, we used seaweed from the beach to mix with our compost, thereby destroying the habitat of millions of tiny creatures. Without the habitat I had destroyed, they would then die. I can hear you now shouting Killer So just because I eat no animal products do not be fooled by the peaceful exterior. Inside, I'm as cold blooded as the lion who tears his victim apart. Except I don't eat the creatures I kill, I just casually leave them on the path to die in agony.

Germination Soil

There are many soils out there that advertise themselves as germination soils. They basically are the same as any other soil except they contain micronutrients and are kept somewhat 'clean' (the soil is sifted and no compost is added). Ordinary loam soil with a pH of 7 and an NPK of higher or equal amounts of N than P or K is good for starting seeds in. Even the ratios of NPK 5 1 1 or 8 4 4 are good. Just make sure that the N is equal too or higher than the P and K factors on the label. More about soil later.


To measure the organic matter level of a soil, a soil sample is first weighed. Then burnt in a muffle furnace. The weight lost equates to the amount of organic matter present. The typical range of organic matter content in soils in the British Isles varies dramatically depending upon landscape. This difference may be between 5 (normal soil) and 40 (peat bog). In general however, soil structure can always be improved via the introduction of increased amounts of organic matter (in the form of compost). As a rough guide the darker the coloration of a soil, the greater its ability to hold plant foods. These darker soils also warm quicker in spring. Perhaps the best way to aid both the structure and the nutrient content of a pre-existing soil site is to add compost. Composting is free and nontime consuming (not to mention an environmentally friendly and ecological way of revitalizing old soil). Suitable composts may be purchased from the local garden center, but the dedicated...

The Planting Medium

Planting mediums range the spectrum from totally organic to artificial materials. Organic materials such as compost, topsoil, humus, worm castings and steer manure have nutrients tied up in complex molecules. COMPOST - is an earthy smelling almost black crumbly mixture containing decayed plant matter. it is teeming with life and although not necessarily high in nutrients, it provides a rich environment for the roots. It is acidic unless limed. Some commercial composts are nothing more than chopped up dried plant matter. This material may add some organic matter to the soil, but is not the same as real compost. WORM CASTINGS - is compost digested by worms. As they digest the ingredients they concentrate them so that the nutrients are readily available to the plants. It is a excellent ingredient in mixes. HUMUS - is a compost produced in a very moist environment. It is very fine textured and rich in nutrients, but is quite acidic. BARK - is lightweight, absorbs water and holds air in...

Sweat Curing

Sweat curing is the technique most widely used in Colombia. Long branches containing colas are layered in piles about 18 inches high and a minimum of two feet square, more often about ten by fifteen feet. Sweat curing actually incorporates the fermenting process. Within a few hours the leaves begin to heat up from the microbial action in the same way that a compost pile ferments. Then change in color is very rapid watch the pile carefully, so that it does not overheat and rot the colas. Each day unpack the piles, and remove the colas that have turned color. Within four or five days, all the colas will have turned color. They are then dried. One way to prevent rot while using this method is to place cotton sheets, rags, or paper towels between each double layer of colas. The towels absorb some of the moisture and slow down the process.

Producing C02

There are many ways to raise the CO, content of an enclosed grow room. The two most popular ways are to disperse it from a tank or burn a fuel to manufacture it. Carbon dioxide i5 one of the byproducts of combustion. Growers can bum any fossil (carbon-based) fuel to produce CO, except for those containing sulfur dioxide and ethylene, which are harmful to plants. Carbon dioxide gas is a by-product of fermentation and organic decomposition. The CO, level near the ground of a rain forest covered with decaying organic matter could be two to three times as high as normal, but bringing a compost pile inside to cook down is not practical. Dry ice is made from frozen CO,. The CO, is released when dry ice comes in contact with the atmosphere. It can get expensive and be a lot of trouble to keep a large room constantly supplied with dry ice. It is difficult to calculate how much CO, is released into the air by fermentation, decomposition, or dry ice without purchasing expensive equipment.

Purple Haze

Ideas Grow Sales Medication

He told us to sow them in pots of warm and moist compost inside in spring. Then take them outside as the big leaf started to break-out from the tops of the plants. At this point the plants were green. The 2 surviving plants grew tall quickly and needed to go into bigger pots. The stems were a split-colour red purple and green with thick ridges at thejoints all the way up. When they were dropped into larger containers of compost, the roots looked thick and hairy. Medium Compost

Frankenstein science

Indoor Growing Cave Cannabis

Horse manure is readily available from horse stables and race tracks. Horse manure should be composted for two months or more to kill weed seeds. The nutrient content of horse manure is N - 0.6 , P - 0.6 , K - 0.4 , and a full range of trace elements. Use in a tea mix. Zoo Doo, a fertilizer made from the composted manure and bedding from grazing animals at city zoos. The best and most abundant zoo manure, found in the elephant cages, is similar to cow manure in nutrient content. If you get fresh manure from a zoo, compost it until it has heated and cooled to keep weed seeds from sprouting and to keep it from burning plants when it is applied.

Potency and Color

A successful American marijuana farmer in the southwestern U.S. described his techniques as follows. Growing on a one-acre plot with a southern exposure, he seeds with red clover after each crop of marijuana and plows the clover under before the first frost. He also plows in one ton of compost. He pulls up most of the males three different times, one week apart and hangs them upside down with a baggie over the end to collect the pollen. He pinches the tips off the female plants once at about six weeks. After about five months, some of the females start to develop male flowers. Watering is done about eight times a year, and this infrequent but deep watering results in deep roots and drought-resistant plants. The soil must be well drained and there must never be any standing water in the field. The females are harvested when they are 1 4 to 1 2 seeded, and about three dozen females are allowed to become fully seeded for next year's crop. They are then hung up for one day, the big stems...


Low Nitrogen Plant

Most indoor organic gardens use potting soil high in worm castings, peat, sand, manure, leaf mold, compost, and fine dolomite lime. In a container, there is little space to buiid the soil by mixing all kinds of neat composts and organic nutrients to cook down. Even if it were possible to build the soil in a container, it would take months of valuable growing time and it could foster bad insects, fungi, etc. It is easier and safer to throw old, depleted soil outdoors, and start new plants with fresh organic soil. Outdoor organic gardens are easy to implement and maintain. Using compost tea, manures, bulky compost, and other big, smelly things is much easier outdoors. Compost teas not only contain soluble organic nutrients diluted in water, but they support a potent elixir that is loaded with beneficial microbes that fight off pests and diseases. For example, a quarter teaspoon of a well-made compost tea holds more than a billion bacteria and at least 15 feet of fungi strands A good...

Backyard Growing

In the spring, mulched amended soil should be well-mixed and ready for planting. You can transplant cannabis seedlings or clones in the garden just like you would tomatoes. If your soil is poor, or you didn't begin cultivation in fall, dig large holes, three feet (90 cm) in diameter by three feet (90 cm) deep, and fill with your best compost, potting soil, or planting mix. Otherwise, break up the top six to eight inches (15-20 cm) of soil in a six-foot (1.8 m) radius to provide room for root branching.


The soil is rarely turned, but builds up, as layer after layer of compostable material fails to the ground. This material, which contains many nutrients, gradually breaks down, creating a rich humus layer over a period of years. The layering method speeds up the natural process. Since gardens are more intensely cultivated than wild fields, new material is required to replenish the soil nutrients. Some gardeners sheet-compost that is, they lay down layers of uncomposted material and let it decompose while serving as a mulch at the same time. Most gardeners, however, prefer to mulch with material that is already composted. The compost shrinks and builds the topsoil layer about an inch for every six inches of compost. After several years, the soil level will be raised considerably, and the top layers will constitute an extremely rich, porous medium which never needs turning. In order to prevent a spillover of the soil, gardeners usually construct beds which contain the garden areas....


Compost is not very practical to use in containers. It could also have unwanted pests. If using compost indoors, make sure it is wellrotted and screened. A good compost pile includes manure-the older the better. Manure from horse stalls or cattle feedlots is mixed with straw or sawdust bedding. Sawdust uses available nitrogen and is also acidic and not recommended. Look for the oldest, and most-rotted manure. Well-rotted manure is less prone to have viable weed seeds and pests. Fresh nitrogen-packed grass clippings are one of my favorites to use in a compost pile. Put your hand down deep into a pile of grass clippings. The temperature one or two feet down in such a pile ranges from 120 to 180 F (49 to 82 C). Heat generated by chemical activity kills pests, breaks down the foliage, and liberates the nutrients. Build compost piles high, and keep turning them. Good compost pile recipes include the addition of organic trace elements, enzymes, and the primary nutrients. The organic matter...


I have discussed briefly what mushrooms are and something about their habitat and characteristics. Before I begin a detailed description of how to cultivate them, I would like to describe the general requirements for such work. Since mushrooms derive their food from composting substances it is necessary to provide them with food. Since the foods used for growing mushrooms are so rich and full of nutrients one must make sure that only the desired fungus will be growing on this food or medium. To do this requires killing all the bacteria and fungal life normally present in the food. This process is called sterilization and is the essence of mushroom culture. Simply, a sealed container with nutrients in it is subjected to high temperature for a period of time, which kills all life. Then a piece of the mushroom mycelium is introduced into the medium without allowing any foreign spores from other fungi into the container. Such techniques are called sterile transfers and require the...


The cigarette companies, for making filters which are not biodegradable in the street The chewing gum companies, for selling a product based on petroleum that sticks to the roads and any other surface it comes into contact with The fizzy drink manufacturer for making bottles that don't self-compost The fast food salesman for using so much packaging The retailer who supplied the plastic bag

Raised beds

One friend plants on lop of the compost pile. He plants six, 12-inch-tall (30 cm) clones into three to four inches (8-10 cm) of good soil that is on top of a two- to three-foot (60-90 cm) high compost heap. By the time the roots penetrate into the compost, it has cooled enough that the roots are safe from burning. He places a portable greenhouse over the plants. The compost keeps plants warm while the structure protects foliage. This works exceptionally well to coax a spring harvest Another grower prepares a vegetable garden by dumping three cubic yards (90 cm1) of finished compost and manure with a dose of dolomite lime into a raised bed, then he roto-tills and plants. When the vegetables are growing well, he transplants hardened-off clones to blend in alongside vegetables.