Conclusions

The ROSITA study has given a general boost to roadside drug testing, and laboratories, police forces, and politicians have become interested. The work of ROSITA is followed intensely by several governments considering

Manufacturer

Avitar, Inc., Canton, MA 02021, USA Branan Medical Corporation, Irvine, CA 92618, USA Cozart Bioscience Limited, Abingdon, Oxfordshire, UK ^ Dräger Safety, Lübeck, Germany g OraSure Technologies, Inc, Bethlehem, PA 18015, USA EnviteC-Wismar GmbH, Wismar, Germany Lifepoint Inc., Ontario, CA 91761, USA Securetec Detektions-Systeme AG, Ottobrunn, Germany Sun Biomedical Laboratories, Inc., Blackwood, NJ 08012, USA ulti med Products GmbH, Germany Varian Inc, Lake Forest, CA

in ROSITA-II (as of Jan 2004)

ORALscreen™

Oratect™

RapiScan

DrugTest®

Smartclip

Impact® test system Drugwipe®II OraLine® s.a.t. Test Salivascreen On-Site OraLab®

Table 7

Overview of Point-of-Collection Oral-Fluid Drug Tests

Device Evaluated

ROSITA, Roadside Testing Assessment.

Detection Limits (ng/mL) of Six Point-of-Collection Tests in Spiked Oral-Fluid Samples (14,15)

Amphetamine

Cocaine

Methamphetamine

Morphine

THC

Drugwipe®

500

200

100

20

50

Oratect™

25

40

25

20

ND

Rapiscan

25

200

100

80

50

OraLab®

500

10

500

80

100

Salivascreen

NT

40

25

20

ND

UPlink™

25

200

25

20

20

NT, not tested; ND, no tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) could be detected, even at 100 ng/mL.

NT, not tested; ND, no tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) could be detected, even at 100 ng/mL.

legislation on drugs and driving, e.g., France, Denmark, Austria, and the Netherlands. The work of ROSITA is also cited in several high-level official documents, e.g., the Council Resolution (2). The results have been presented at many scientific meetings and published in several journals (10-13). Two PhD theses have been based on work in the ROSITA project. At the time of writing, the conclusions of ROSITA are still valid: oral fluid and sweat are promising specimens for roadside drug testing, but more research and development is needed. Much progress has been made in the 3 yr since the end of the project, and the dream of a reliable and practical roadside drug test is coming closer to reality. The ROSITA-II project is currently evaluating the latest generation of oral-fluid tests.

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