Understanding Autism

Parenting Children With Asperger's And High-functioning Autism

Mark Hutten, M.A is a practicing counseling psychologist and a professional parent-coach with experience of over 20 years in the field of High-Functioning Autism (HFA) and Asperger's. being the executive director of online parent support, LLC, Hutten presents several workshops and conducts numerous training courses for both professionals and parents dealing with HFA and Asperger's; besides, he works with hundreds of teenagers and children with HFA and Asperger's. Hutten is also an author of several articles that highlight parenting techniques based on highly effective research for dealing with children with HFA and Asperger's. The founder of the support group has published 'My out of control Child' and 'My out of control teen' eBooks. Most of Hutten's columns and articles discuss several ways of parenting young ones with conduct disorder, ODD, ADHD, Autism, Asperger's syndrome, Bipolar disorder, reactive attachment disorder, and many more conditions. The helpful parenting toolkit is all about a system that enables parents to minimize the child's meltdowns, low frustration tolerance, and tantrums, physical and verbal aggression, school-related behavior problems, social skills deficits, picky eating, attention difficulties, rigid thinking, problems completing homework, sleep problems, rituals and obsessions, and many more behavioral problems. The eBook is available for download. Continue reading...

Parenting Children With Aspergers And Highfunctioning Autism Summary

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Contents: Ebook
Author: Mark Hutten
Official Website: parentingautisticchild.com
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My Parenting Children With Aspergers And Highfunctioning Autism Review

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Recently several visitors of websites have asked me about this ebook, which is being promoted quite widely across the Internet. So I bought a copy myself to figure out what all the fuss was about.

Do not wait and continue to order Parenting Children With Asperger's And today. If anytime, within Two Months, you feel it was not for you, they’ll give you a 100% refund.

A Parent's Guide For Reversing Autism

Whilst best results are seen in younger children the seven step plan I have outlined in this book, including the diet, can be applied to any autistic person of any age. Step One details the gluten free/casein free diet and why it is so important for recovery to begin. It also explains why, after only 6 weeks, a particular type of cows milk can be included back into the diet. This milk has a different molecular structure than other milks. You are unlikely to hear about this milk anywhere else in the autistic community as we have been told that all casein is bad. This is simply not true. Your child may be similar to mine and have no reaction to this milk casein whatsoever. I explain how to test your child for this and other food intolerances in step one. If you have a child who is a 'picky eater' or skeptical family members, then doing step one correctly will put an end to all that. This diet is strict and has to be done properly or you will not get the results you are longing for. If you follow my recommendations for diet outlined in this chapter you could see significant improvements in your child in as little as a week.

A Parents Guide For Reversing Autism Summary

Contents: EBook
Author: Donna Blackmore
Official Website: www.autism2recovery.com
Price: $19.00

Eric Chessen's Autism Fitness Assessment Toolbox

Eric Chessen takes you step by step using his easy to follow Manuals, Assessment Grids and Videos to better prepare you to understand your participants abilities and help you create outstanding fitness programs. The Big 5 Movement Patterns- Each of the major ways in which we perform physically. The Big 5 include: Pushing (Movement away from the body) Pulling (Movement towards the body) Rotation (Movement around the torso or hips) Bending (All squatting or pick-up activities) Locomotion (Movement from one point in space to another) The Big 5 are all multi-joint movements, meaning they do not isolate a specific muscle. They will often be used in combination, for example, a scoop throw is a combination of bending (hips moving down/back) and pushing (throwing the to a partner) Behavior-Specific Praise (Bsp)- A technique derived from the science and practice of Applied Behavior Analysis (Aba). The instructor provides positive feedback immediately following the individuals action. Rather than saying Great job!, a more effective response would be Great job bending knees and jumping! This tells the individual exactly what they did well. Increasing Duration of Activity- For individuals who baseline at low or intermediate. levels of Adaptive ability, one of the goals will be to increase the time they are able to attend to an activity. This is not a measure of physical endurance, but developing the skills of patience and resilience. If Chris Pac assessment shows that he is only able to perform activity for ten seconds before running away from the instructor, the current goals will include being able to perform exercise for a longer time period (20 or 30 seconds) before gaining access to a secondary reinforcer (2nd R+).

Eric Chessens Autism Fitness Assessment Toolbox Summary

Contents: EBook
Author: Eric Chessen
Official Website: pacprofile.com

Pregnancy Category None

Studies have found that levels of the substance are often elevated in the urine of schizophrenics, in some types of autistic individuals, and in depressed persons but rarely in psychologically normal people. Although cause and effect is by no means established, a study found higher bufotenine levels in urine of paranoid persons convicted of violent crimes than in urine from nonparanoid violent offenders.

Measles and mumps vaccines

Mumps vaccine is also a live attenuated virus vaccinc. Mumps occurring during pregnancy may result in an increased rate of firsttrimester abortion. Although a fetal risk from the vaccine has not been confirmed, the vaccine should not be used during pregnancy because, in theory, fetal infection with the attenuated viruses might occur. Several publications dealt with the controversy over the alleged link between MMR vaccination in the child and autism, but this is now discredited in the eyes of most scientists.

Psychological psychiatric

The suggestion that measles MMR immunization can cause autism has not been confirmed. Autism is characterized by absorption in self-centered subjective mental activities (such as day-dreams, fantasies, hallucinations), especially when accompanied by marked withdrawal from reality. The scientific and public response to the 1998 publication of Wakefield and colleagues (54), and Wakefield's subsequent press conference, in which he suggested that immunization with MMR might be associated with Crohn's disease and autism was enormous and controversial. For example, Black and colleagues (55) stated that the publicity generated by this paper was out of proportion to the strength of the evidence it contained Beale (56) suggested that the Lancet would bear a heavy responsibility for acting against the public health interest that the journal usually aims to promote O'Brien and colleagues (57) considered that the substantial amount of evidence that contradicts the findings of Wakefield and...

Susceptibility Factors Age

Neuroleptic drugs have been prescribed for children in the treatment of psychotic disorders, Tourette's syndrome, attention deficit disorder, hyperactivity, behavioral and psychiatric complications of mental retardation, and pervasive developmental disorders, for example infantile autism (487,488).

Conclusions Perspectives And Future Directions

Pharmacotherapy of brain disorders is a formidable challenge. Only a handful of CNS diseases (ADHD, depression, pain, epilepsy) are effectively treated with drug therapy. The majority of CNS disorders including cancer, stroke, autism, neuron-HIV, and Alzheimer's disease are refractory to drug therapy. The blame for the bottleneck in CNS drug development does not fall on the brain discovery sciences, as research in molecular neuroscience has led to the identification of new therapeutic molecules to treat the brain (124). Unfortunately, research aimed at providing answers to the BBB problem is lagging behind these advances. In other words, we know what the potential CNS therapies are, but we are presently unable to deliver them.

See also Individual agents General Information

In some highly developed countries that have had great success in reducing dangerous infectious diseases through immunization, there are controversial discussions regarding the benefits to harm balance of immunization. Because the incidence of vaccine-preventable diseases is reduced by increasing coverage with an efficacious vaccine, adverse events, both those caused by vaccines themselves (that is true adverse reactions) and those associated with immunization only by coincidence or as a result of faulty routines, become increasingly frequent. Not surprisingly, vaccine safety concerns have become increasingly prominent in successful immunization programs. Chronic illnesses recently claimed to be linked with immunizations include asthma, autism, diabetes, and multiple sclerosis. Given the current increasingly antivaccine'' environment that has developed in some countries, it is hard to imagine that the full potential of new vaccines will be harnessed. To avoid damage to current

Use in noninfective conditions

Many parents of children with regressive-onset autism have noted antecedent antibiotic exposure followed by chronic diarrhea. In a subgroup of children, disruption of indigenous gut flora might promote colonization by one or more neurotoxin-producing bacteria, contributing at least in part to their autistic symptoms. In 11 children with regressive-onset autism who had broad-spectrum antimicrobial exposure followed by chronic persistent diarrhea, oral vancomycin resulted in short-term improvement however, these gains had largely waned at follow-up (11).

Halcion 0125 Triazolam

Deal of scientific research with these hallucinogens in psychotherapy. LSD was used in the treatment of alcoholism, to reduce the suffering of terminally ill cancer patients, and in the treatment of autistic children. Controversy arose over social aspects of the drugs. A drug subculture sprang up surrounding these hallucinogens in the 1960s. Further research indicated that the side effects of these drugs were more serious than previous research had indicated, and that human experimentation was somewhat premature. As a result, many of the hallucinogens were limited to scientific use, with pharmaceutical manufacture strictly regulated. The effects of any hallucinogen and the users's reaction to it can differ significantly among individuals, and can range from ecstasy to terror. In fact, during any one hallucinogenic episode, a user is likely to experience various psychic and emotional reactions.In low doses, the hallucinogens produce a spectrum of effects depending on the properties of...

Cumulative index of special reviews Annuals 1625

Macrolides, intestinal motility, 18.269 Malaria vaccines, 22.306 MAO inhibitors, 17.361 Measles immunization autism, 23.350 Crohn's disease, 23.350 neurological adverse effects, 23.348 Melatonin, 25.523 Metformin, lactic acidosis, 23.459 Methyldibromoglutaronitrile, contact allergy, 16.150, 19.151 Mibefradil, drug interactions, 23.210 Milrinone, intravenous, acute heart failure, 21.196 MMR immunization autism, 23.350, 25.387 Crohn's disease, 23.350, 25.387 Muscle relaxants autism, MMR measles immunization, 23.350, 25.387

Serotonin and Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia and obsessive-compulsive disorder show a high rate of coexistence, perhaps reflecting the involvement of the serotonergic system in both of these psychiatric diseases. One study listed the occurrence of significant obsessive-compulsive symptoms in schizophrenic patients as 25 percent (Berman et al. 1995). Schizophrenia and autism also share similar features (withdrawn behavior, self-stimulation stereotypes, inappropriate or flattened affect, poor eye contact). Some of these features of autism have been shown to respond to treatment with fenfluramine (Geller et al. 1982 Ritvo et al. 1983), a modified amphetamine with serotonin-agonist actions

General Information

Since the introduction of chlorpromazine in the early 1950s, a large number of phenothiazines with neuroleptic properties have been discovered they include fluphena-zine, perphenazine, prochlorperazine, and thioridazine. Several other chemical structures with similar therapeutic properties have also been introduced, including the butyrophenones (such as haloperidol and droperidol) and the thioxanthenes (such as flupenthixol). In recent years the so-called atypical neuroleptic drugs (such as clozapine, olanzapine, and risperidone) have also become available. They have less affinity for dopamine receptors in the basal ganglia than the typical neuroleptic drugs, and therefore cause fewer extrapyramidal adverse effects. The range of usefulness of these agents includes the treatment of schizophrenia (to treat acute episodes and in long-term maintenance treatment), mania, certain organic psychoses, certain depressive states, and a variety of lesser indications. They have also been used to...

Obsessive Compulsive Disorders

A person feels driven to perform in response to an obsession, the diagnostic criteria allow the diagnosis of OCD also to be made when a person reports only compulsions. In order to meet DSM-IV criteria for OCD, obsessions and the performance of the compulsions must be of significant intensity and or frequency to cause significant distress or marked impairment. The person has further to recognize, at least in part, the irrational nature of the obsessive-compulsive symptoms, yet he or she is not able to stop them. The differential diagnosis of OCD includes other mental disorders in the context of which repetitive behaviours and thoughts can occur. For a diagnosis of OCD, the content of the obsessions compulsions cannot be completely explained by another disorder. The obsessions of OCD must further be distinguished from the ruminations of major depression, racing thoughts of mania, and psychotic features of schizophrenia. The compulsions of OCD must be distinguished from the stereotypic...

Surveillance of adverse events following immunization

Currently, in many highly developed countries in which the incidences of dangerous infectious diseases have been markedly reduced through immunization, there are controversial discussions about the balance of benefits and harms in immunization. Vaccine adverse events, both those caused by vaccines (that is true adverse reactions) and those associated with immunization only by coincidence, become more visible than the natural disease. Not surprisingly, vaccine safety concerns have become increasingly prominent in such successful immunization programs. Vaccines have been spuriously linked by various researchers to asthma, autism, diabetes, inflammatory bowel disease, multiple sclerosis, permanent brain damage, and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Modern communication is providing even more penetrating ways of communicating messages on the subject through the World Wide Web. The result is a formidable challenge to immunization service providers. Neil Halsey, head of the Institute for...

Transporter

While in adult brain 5-HTT expression appears to be restricted to raphe neurons, it has been detected in the sensory areas of the cortex and thalamus during perinatal development (Lesch and Murphy 2003). Cloning of 5-HTT has identified a protein with 12 transmembrane domains (TMDs) and studies using site-directed mutagenesis and deletion mutants indicate that distinct amino acid residues participate in substrate translocation and competitive antagonist binding. 5-HTT function is acutely modulated by posttranslational modification. Moreover, several intracellular signal transduction pathways converge on the transcriptional apparatus of the 5-HTT gene regulating its expression. A polymorphism in the transcriptional control region of the human 5-HTT gene (SLC6A4) that results in allelic variation in functional 5-HTT expression is associated with anxiety, depression, and aggression-related personality traits (Lesch 2003 Lesch et al. 1996). In addition to the exploration of the impact of...

Childhood Disorders

Uses for SSRIs in children include repetitive-type abnormalities associated with autism and mental retardation, ADHD (as an adjunct to methylphenidate), and chronic enuresis. Bupropion has been used successfully in the treatment of ADHD in both children and adults. It may, however, exacerbate tics in attention-deficit patients with concomitant Tourette's syndrome.

Diagnosis

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-IV), the standard diagnostic manual for psychiatrists, recognizes five subtypes of pervasive developmental disorders (PDD). In autistic disorder, the main deficit is impaired social interaction and communication. There is a reduced repertoire of activity and interests, a rigid adherence to specific nonfunctional routines or rituals, and motor mannerisms such as flapping of the hands. It is most common in males. There is severe impairment in social interaction in Asperger's disorder, but there are no delays in cognitive functioning, age-appropriate self-help skills, and curiosity about the environment. Language is not delayed, but there may be alterations in the rate and rhythm of speech. There can be excessive involvement and preoccupation with odd interests. The label of childhood disintegrative disorder is given to children who develop normally for the first few years but then lose their ability to communicate and interact appropriately...

Makin babies

There are some alarming trends in men's health that are suspected to be associated with environmental exposure to chemicals. For example, there has been a constant and sometimes dramatic rise in the incidence of testicular cancer depending upon where you live. Also, the sperm count of American men has been steadily declining for the last century, while the incidence of deformed sperm has increased dramatically over that same period. There has also been a dramatic increase in autism, hyperactivity disorders, attention deficit disorders and other mental disabilities that tend to affect men more than women. Finally, and most disturbing to many men, is the fact that certain types of genital birth defects have been increasing. While the increase in disease can be partially attributed to increased diagnosis, when it comes to Mr Happy and his merry men, changes in medical diagnosis don't account for the trends. It's sad, but true, that men would rather have their genital tackle working than...

Birds vs bees

Most differential disease patterns are a total mystery because the factors that cause them are so complex. Mental disorders are particularly vexing, because in addition to environmental exposure and genetic factors there are cultural factors that can play an important role. Men tend to have higher rates of schizophrenia, autism, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and drug addiction, while women tend to suffer from anorexia, clinical depression and anxiety disorders more often. Teasing out whether these differences are biological or based on social and cultural pressures is extremely difficult, and thus we know less about mental disorders than we do about just about every other disease category. Since many of these disorders show significant heritability from one generation to another and are present in all cultures, it is likely that innate genetic susceptibility plays a far greater role than was previously expected. Many researchers feel that the differences are caused or...

Thiomersal

In July 1999 the American Academy of Pediatrics and the US Public Health Service issued a joint statement calling for the removal of thiomersal, a mercury-containing preservative, from vaccines. This action was prompted partly by a risk assessment from the FDA (8M). The risk assessment consisted of hazard identification, dose-response assessment, exposure assessment, and risk characterization. The review showed no evidence of harm caused by the doses of thiomersal in vaccines, except for local hypersensitivity reactions. However, it was noted that some infants may be exposed to cumulative doses of mercury during the first 6 months of life that exceed the Environmental Protection Agency recommendations. In the UK the CSM and Department of Health have reviewed the available data relating to thiomersal in vaccines and possible neu-rodevelopmental disorders, including autism, an issue that has gained media attention (9S). There was no evidence of neurodevelopmental harm, a known effect of...

Mercury Hg

Well, particularly when installed, removed, or with gum chewing, yet the incidence of toxicity associated with dental amalgams is rare. Dentists and dental workers are at higher risk of exposure while working with the amalgams hygiene guidelines have been proposed to minimize this occupational exposure. Although mercury exposure in vaccine preparations has been proposed as a contributing factor in the increase of the incidence of autism, this hypothesis has not been substantiated (48-50).

Gastrointestinal

Wakefield and colleagues then made two suggestions in a paper in the Lancet (54) that autism is linked to a form of inflammatory bowel disease and that this new syndrome is associated with MMR immunization. Their hypothesis was that MMR vaccine causes non-specific gut injury, allowing the absorption of normally non-permeable peptides, which in turn cause serious developmental disorders. The authors stated that they had not proved an association between measles, mumps, and rubella vaccines and either autism or inflammatory bowel disease. However, there were enough references in the text to lead the reader to the assumption that there is sufficient evidence provided by the study, and by other scientific publications, that there is a link. This paper of Wakefield and colleagues, publicized by a subsequent press conference, resulted in a heated debate and a huge number of letters to the editor of the Lancet, in turn severely criticizing both the article and its implications for...

Methylphenidate

Methylphenidate's prime medical use is for managing attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a condition in which people are so excitable that they have severe problems with social interactions. The affliction is more common in children than adults, and methylphenidate seems more effective against ADHD in children, though one study finds the drug to have little influence on long-term outcome. Limited success is seen in experimental usage of the drug to help autistic children. A case report says a regimen of that drug and the antidepressant sertraline (Zoloft) cured a young kleptomaniac. Among adults methylphenidate is typically prescribed for narcolepsy and has also been used successfully against apathy and depression. Despite the drug's occasional tendency to increase blood pressure, studies find the substance promising for rehabilitation of persons recovering from stroke and other brain injuries, not only improving mood but also helping ability to move.

CCRB Investigation

When the boy did not comply, his sister Informed the officers that the boy was autistic she feared that he could make a sudden movement, as he is prone to do, and startle the officers. The male detective frisked and then searched the boy. While the two detectives were interacting with the brother and sister, two other unmarked police vehicles, one of which was a van carrying several individuals the narcotics team had previously arrested earlier that afternoon, arrived in the park. The detectives did not find any evidence that the autistic boy or his sister possessed marijuana, and proceeded to leave. The woman asked the officers what precinct they were from, and they told her that they were from the 113 th. The officers provided no explanation as to why they stopped the woman and searched the boy. After the incident, the woman drove her brother home, proceeded to the precinct, and obtained a complaint form, which her mother submitted later at another precinct. The CCRB took a...

The Crackdown

When LSD was first introduced to the United States in 1949, it was well received by the scientific community. Within less than a decade the drug had risen to a position of high standing among psychiatrists. LSD therapy was by no means a fad or a fly-by-night venture. More than one thousand clinical papers were written on the subject, discussing some forty thousand patients. Favorable results were reported when LSD was used to treat severely resistant psychiatric conditions, such as frigidity and other sexual aberrations. A dramatic decrease in autistic symptoms was observed in severely withdrawn children following the administration of LSD. The drug was also found to ease the physical and psychological distress of terminal cancer patients, helping them come to terms with the anguish and mystery of death.* And chronic alcoholics continued to benefit from psychedelic therapy. One enthusiastic researcher went so far as to suggest that with LSD it might be possible to clean out skid row...

Inactivation

Many studies have attempted to show changes in 5-HT uptake or the density of transporters either in depressed patients, or after treatment with antidepressants. Most have found a reduction in the density of uptake sites, labelled with the tricyclic reuptake inhibitor, 3H imipramine, in depression. However, there appears to be no change in the density of uptake sites when these are labelled with the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, 3H paroxetine. Another problem is that, even in studies showing a reduction in transporter density, there are no consistent changes in 5-HT uptake. An intriguing suggestion that could account for this anomaly is that there are 'spare' transporters. More recently, research has been directed towards a search for genetic polymorphisms of the 5-HT transporter gene that might account for disorders including depression, bipolar disorder, anxiety, substance abuse and autism. So far, no certain links with either the expression of, or vulnerability to, any...

Understanding And Treating Autism

Understanding And Treating Autism

Whenever a doctor informs the parents that their child is suffering with Autism, the first & foremost question that is thrown over him is - How did it happen? How did my child get this disease? Well, there is no definite answer to what are the exact causes of Autism.

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