Federal Schedule Listing Schedule Iv Dea no 1680 USA Availability Prescription Pregnancy Category C

This drug is a medical treatment for narcolepsy and other conditions involving difficulty in staying awake. The substance also improves vigilance. In the 1990s U.S. Air Force researchers called for exploration of the drug's potential in assisting military missions. Investigators have found that the compound may assist aircraft pilots in maintaining a better performance level when deprived of sleep for extended periods. An experiment indicated that the drug can help military personnel...

Pregnancy Category C

This is a pure form of THC, the main active ingredient found in the Schedule I substance marijuana. Dronabinol can be obtained from marijuana or manufactured synthetically. Compared to infrequent marijuana users, frequent marijuana users are better at identifying whether they have received dronabinol or a placebo. Dronabinol is used to reduce nausea in persons undergoing cancer chemotherapy and to stimulate appetite in AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) patients. Alzheimer's...

Anorectic Class

Many persons in the United States consider themselves overweight. That self-perception may be more prevalent than obesity itself, but even so, by medical standards a good 33 to 50 of Americans are overweight.8 That condition can aggravate or even cause serious physical afflictions such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and heart disease. Persons seeking slimness and who are dissatisfied with results from changes in diet and exercise may seek pharmacological help. The first diet drug to receive...

Chlordiazepoxide

Pronunciation klor-dye-az-uh-POX-ide Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number 58-25-3. (Hydrochloride form 43841-5) Formal Names Libritabs, Librium, Limbitrol Informal Names Libs Type Depressant (benzodiazepine class). See page 21 Federal Schedule Listing Schedule IV (DEA no. 2744) USA Availability Prescription Pregnancy Category D Uses. Chlordiazepoxide was the first benzodiazepine tranquilizer and has been commonly used since 1960. It is considered one of the safer psychiatric drugs and has...

State schedules USA Availability Prescription where legal

This quick-acting and long-lasting drug is widely used around the world for legitimate medical purposes. Flunitrazepam is prescribed to treat insomnia and anxiety, to relax muscles, to stop convulsions, and to calm people. In the 1990s it was Western Europe's most commonly prescribed calming and sleep-inducing medicine. The drug is administered to treat alcohol withdrawal syndrome, and experimental use in treating depression has found flu-nitrazepam promising. Some unauthorized use of the...

Pregnancy Category D

This antianxiety drug is also known for its sedative properties and is used to promote sleep and to fight convulsions. The substance is given to treat status epilepticus, a dangerous condition in which people have one epileptic seizure after another, back-to-back. It can reduce and sometimes even eliminate vomiting from cancer chemotherapy. Lorazepam has been used to treat LSD and methamphetamine overdose and has been a standard medicine to help alcoholics through the alcohol withdrawal...

USA Availability Nonprescription but sales and usage are controlled in some jurisdictions

This drug has been known since the 1720s. Some authorities describe nitrous oxide as an opioid some persons even use the gas to counteract effects from stimulants. Nitrous oxide actions and its recreational use are similar to those of other inhalants. Recreational use is illegal in some jurisdictions but has a venerable history. The writer Samuel Taylor Coleridge, thesaurus compiler Peter Mark Roget, and potter Josiah Wedgwood were all eighteenth-century notables who relaxed with nitrous...

Pregnancy Category X

This synthetic drug is related to testosterone. Stanozolol is used to combat hereditary angioedema, a disease causing body tissues to swell. The substance is also used to reduce weight loss from cancer or AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) and has been used experimentally to improve physical activity of elderly persons and to enhance nutrition of surgery patients (a case report warns, however, that the substance may cause iron deficiency). Raynaud's disease, in which persons...

Mazindol

Pronunciation MA-zin-doll (also pronounced MAYZ-in-dohl) Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number 22232-71-9 Formal Names Mazanor, Sanorex, Teronac Type Stimulant (anorectic class). See page 15 Federal Schedule Listing Schedule IV (DEA no. 1605) USA Availability Prescription Pregnancy Category C Uses. Mazindol reduces appetite, and the drug's main medical usage is short-term promotion of weight loss. For that purpose one study showed mazindol having about 10 to 20 of dextroamphetamine's...

Glutethimide

Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number 77-21-4 Formal Names Doriden, Elrodorm, Noxyron Informal Names CB, CD, Ciba, D, Glue, Goofballs, Goofers. With codeine Doors & 4s, Dors & 4s, 4 Doors, G & C, Hits, Loads, Packets, Pancakes & Syrup, Sets, Setups, 3s & 8s Federal Schedule Listing Schedule II (DEA no. 2550) Uses. The substance became available in the 1950s as an alternative to barbiturates. As a medicine this drug is mainly used to calm people and make them sleepy. It has...

Phentermine

Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number 122-09-8. (Hydrochloride form 1197-21-3) Formal Names Adipex-P, Duromine, Fastin, Ionamin, Obe-Nix 30, Umine Type Stimulant (anorectic class). See page 15 Federal Schedule Listing Schedule IV (DEA no. 1640) Uses. Phentermine is primarily used on a short-term basis for weight reduction. The compound is related to amphetamine. Effects are similar to but weaker than those of dextroamphetamine. For example, phentermine can make users more physically...

Pregnancy Category None

This drug occurs naturally in a number of plants and animals, apparently including trace amounts in humans. Rainforests in the Amazon and deserts in the U.S. Southwest have been key regions for natural sources of the drug, although plants and animals with the substance are found elsewhere as well. Accounts about natural products containing bufotenine reach back to ancient times. Amanita mushrooms containing the substance are believed to have been available to ancient Vikings, and some...

Khat

Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number 71031-15-7 (cathinone component) 492-39-7 (cathine component) Formal Names Catha edulis Informal Names Abyssinian Tea, Arabian Tea, Goob, Jaad, Miraa, Qaad, Qat, Shat, Somali Tea Type Stimulant (amphetamine class). See page 12 Federal Schedule Listing Schedule I (cathinone DEA no. 1235) Schedule IV (cathine DEA no. 1230) USA Availability Illegal to possess Uses. Although amphetamine is a laboratory creation and not a natural product, the khat plant is...

Nalbuphine

Blood levels of a hormone called Cortisol. In the 1990s nalbuphine was popular among bodybuilders using anabolic steroids. These individuals mainly used nalbuphine to reduce pain caused by exercise regimens. Interviews with such users revealed that many were suffering unwanted physical and mental effects from nalbuphine and that many of these persons were abusing other drugs as well. A case report tells of illicit nalbuphine injection causing muscle damage the opposite of what bodybuilders...

Alprazolam

Pronunciation al-PRAY-zoh-lam (also pronounced al-PRAZ-oh-lam) Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number 28981-97-7 Formal Names Alplax, Frontal, Solanax, Tafil, Trankimazin, Xanax, Xanor, Zotran Type Depressant (benzodiazepine class). See page 21 Federal Schedule Listing Schedule IV (DEA no. 2882) Uses. This calming and sleep-inducing substance is probably the most frequently prescribed drug in the benzodiazepine class. Alprazolam is used mainly to help persons suffering from panic attacks...

Pyridine Alkaloids Class

Tobacco and areca nut are the most widely used substances containing drugs from this class. Although most Americans think of tobacco's nicotine as a recreational drug, it has had agricultural functions as a pesticide and for ridding farm animals of worms. Nicotine is readily absorbed through the skin and causes green tobacco sickness among farmworkers who handle leaves, a poisoning sometimes severe enough to require hospitalization. The tobacco plant has been known to kill livestock that eat...

Clorazepate

Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number 23887-31-2. (Dipotassium form 57109-90-7) Type Depressant (benzodiazepine class). See page 21 Federal Schedule Listing Schedule IV (DEA no. 2768) USA Availability Prescription Pregnancy Category D Uses. Clorazepate dipotassium is a prodrug related to diazepam. A prodrug is a substance that may have little effect itself but that the body metabolizes into another chemical that does have a drug effect. For example, one metabolite of clorazepate...

Oxymetholone

Other unwanted effects have included nausea, vomiting, chills, acne, and painful testicles. Case reports have noted severe changes in several persons' ability to handle blood sugar levels. Another case report noted mental confusion that developed in a patient receiving oxymetholone and that continued for weeks after the therapy stopped. Abuse factors. Some athletes use the compound with the hope it will improve their sports performance. A case report attributed rupture of the triceps...

Drug Name Index

Pages in bold indicate the location of the main entry A as LSD, 228-32 MDMA, 254-59 A-bomb, 239-46 Abyssinian tea, 216-19 Acapulco gold, 239-46 Acapulco red, 239-46 AC DC, 100-103 Ace as marijuana, 239-46 PCP, 351-55 Acetaminophen and butorphanol, 73 and mephobarbital, 263 Acetomorphine, 191-98 Acetyl-alpha-methylfentanyl, 166 Acetylmethadol, 222 Acid, 228-32 Acido, 228-32 Acrid lettuce, 336 Actibine, 436-38 Actiq, 164-66 Actuss, 383-84 Ad, 351-55 Adam, 254-59 Adderall, 106-9 Adipex-P, 380-82...

Methamphetamine

Pronunciation meth-am-FET-uh-meen Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number 537-46-2 Formal Names Anadrex, Desoxyn, Norodin, Pervertin, Stimulex Informal Names Bambita, Bathtub Crank, Batu, Blue Meth, Boo, Bump, Chalk, Chicken Feed, Crank, Crink, Cris, Cristina, Cristy, Croak, Crossles, Crypto, Crystal, Crystal Meth, Desocsins, Desogtion, Geep, Glass, Go-Fast, Granulated Orange, Hanyak, Hironpon, Hiropon, Hot Ice, Ice, Jet Fuel, Kaksonjae, L.A. Glass, L.A. Ice, Lemon Drop, Load of Laundry,...

Marijuana

Pronunciation mair-i-WAHN-uh (also pronounced mah-ri-HWAH-nuh) Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number 8063-14-7 Formal Names Cannabis, Cannabis sativa, Hashish, Marihuana, Sinsemilla Informal Names A-Bomb (with opium or heroin), Acapulco Gold, Acapulco Red, Ace, Afgani Indica, African Black, African Bush, Airplane, Alamout Black Hash (with belladonna), Alice B. Toklas (baked in brownie), AMP (with PCP, formaldehyde, or other substance), Angola, Ashes, Assassin of Youth, Astro Turf, Atomic...

Nitrous Oxide

Nitrous oxide is called nonflammable, when inhaled it can seep into the abdominal cavity and bowels, mixing with body gases to create a flammable combination. If ignited the result would be like setting off an explosive inside the body the danger is real enough that surgical personnel administering nitrous oxide as an anesthetic have been warned about it. As with many other drugs, effects of nitrous oxide can be influenced by changes in setting. For example, volunteers who knew what to expect...

Pemoline

Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number 2152-34-3 Formal Names Cylert Informal Names Popcorn Coke Type Stimulant. See page 11 Federal Schedule Listing Schedule IV (DEA no. 1530) USA Availability Prescription Pregnancy Category B Uses. In the United States pemoline became available for medical purposes during the 1970s. It is used to treat depression, weariness, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The drug's stimulant effects are described as greater than caffeine but less...

Drug Abuse

Drug abuse is an emotionally charged topic involving more than facts about pharmaceuticals. Personal and moral values are involved, as are fears that sometimes transform into anger. The author of this book has studied drug abuse questions since the 1980s visited with prosecutors, judges, and health care givers, along with drug abusers and their families drafted drug control legislation introduced by Republican and Democratic legislators testified before legislative committees and given public...

Ephedrine

Pronunciation e-FED-rin (also pronounced EF-uh-dreen) Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number 299-42-3. (Hydrochloride form 5098-6 sulfate form 134-72-5) Formal Names Broncholate Syrup, Elsinore, Kie Syrup, Letigen, Marax, Pretz-D, Primatene, Rynatuss Informal Names Chinese Speed, Herbal Ecstasy, Herbal XTC Type Stimulant (amphetamine class). See page 12 Federal Schedule Listing Unlisted USA Availability Varies by state and by product formulation Pregnancy Category C Uses. Although natural...

Estazolam

Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number 29975-16-4 Formal Names ProSom Type Depressant (benzodiazepine class). See page 21 Federal Schedule Listing Schedule IV (DEA no. 2756) USA Availability Prescription Pregnancy Category X Uses. Estazolam's main medical uses are for relaxing muscles, fighting convulsions, and inducing sleep. The compound can also reduce anxiety in insomniacs but is not intended for long-term use against insomnia. Estazolam has been used successfully to treat auditory...

Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number 8007930 Formal Names Atropa belladonna

Informal Names Black Cherry, Deadly Nightshade, Death's Herb, Devil's Cherries, Devil's Herb, Divale, Dwale, Dwayberry, Great Morel, Love Apple, Murderer's Berry, Naughty Man's Cherries, Poison Black Cherry, Sleeping Nightshade, Sorcerers Berries, Sorcerer's Cherry, Witch's Berry Type Hallucinogen. See page 25 Federal Schedule Listing Unlisted as natural product USA Availability Nonprescription natural product some pharmaceutical preparations are prescription Pregnancy Category None Uses....

Meprobamate

Stimulant nicotine is taken after a depressant. In contrast, injection of marijuana's main active component THC increases the power of a meprobamate dose in animals. Meprobamate has been used in combination with dextroamphetamine for human weight loss, a combination that had uncertain effectiveness but that produced fewer unwanted actions than dextroamphetamine alone. Alcohol and meprobamate each have similar unwanted effects, and in that regard using both together can be the equivalent of...

Pentobarbital

Pronunciation pen-toh-BAR-bi-tal Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number 76-74-4 Formal Names Cafergot, Nembutal, Pentobarbitone, Phenobarbitone Informal Names Nebbies, Nembies, Nemmies, Nimbies, Yellow Bullets, Yellow Dolls, Yellow Jackets, Yellows Type Depressant barbiturate class . See page 20 Federal Schedule Listing Schedule II oral and parentral, DEA no. 2270 , Schedule III for suppositories DEA no. 2271 Uses. This short-acting substance has sedative qualities but is considered...