Federal Schedule Listing Schedule Iv Dea no 1680 USA Availability Prescription Pregnancy Category C

This drug is a medical treatment for narcolepsy and other conditions involving difficulty in staying awake. The substance also improves vigilance. In the 1990s U.S. Air Force researchers called for exploration of the drug's potential in assisting military missions. Investigators have found that the compound may assist aircraft pilots in maintaining a better performance level when deprived of sleep for extended periods. An experiment indicated that the drug can help military personnel...

Pregnancy Category C

This cough and cold medicine has been used in the United States since the 1950s. Because the drug is an opiate analogue and is related to levor-phanol, for convenience this book lists dextromethorphan as an opioid. Nal-oxone, a chemical used to provoke withdrawal symptoms in persons who have dependence with opiates and opioids, can bring forth those symptoms in addicts who have switched from methadone to dextromethorphan. That finding is consistent with dextromethorphan being an opioid...

USA Availability Nonprescription but sales and usage are controlled in some jurisdictions

This drug has been known since the 1720s. Some authorities describe nitrous oxide as an opioid some persons even use the gas to counteract effects from stimulants. Nitrous oxide actions and its recreational use are similar to those of other inhalants. Recreational use is illegal in some jurisdictions but has a venerable history. The writer Samuel Taylor Coleridge, thesaurus compiler Peter Mark Roget, and potter Josiah Wedgwood were all eighteenth-century notables who relaxed with nitrous...

Phenobarbital

Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number 50-06-6 Formal Names Arco-Lase Plus, Donnatal, Gardenal, Luminal, Phenobarb, Pheno- barbitone, Solfoton Informal Names Phennies, Phenos Type Depressant (barbiturate class). See page 20 Federal Schedule Listing Schedule IV (DEA no. 2285) USA Availability Prescription Pregnancy Category D Uses. This is one of the more familiar pharmaceuticals. For about a century it has been used as an anticonvulsant and was prescribed as a tranquilizer and as a migraine...

Pregnancy Category B

Zolpidem became available for medical purposes in the United States during the 1990s, after already being used in Europe. The substance can be used to relax people shortly before they undergo surgery. Zolpidem promotes sleep and has both sedative and anticonvulsant properties. Generally insomnia patients are not supposed to take the drug for much more than a week. They are also not supposed to take the drug until they are ready for sleep the substance is fast acting, and a person could...

Clorazepate

Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number 23887-31-2. (Dipotassium form 57109-90-7) Type Depressant (benzodiazepine class). See page 21 Federal Schedule Listing Schedule IV (DEA no. 2768) USA Availability Prescription Pregnancy Category D Uses. Clorazepate dipotassium is a prodrug related to diazepam. A prodrug is a substance that may have little effect itself but that the body metabolizes into another chemical that does have a drug effect. For example, one metabolite of clorazepate...

Prazepam

Pronunciation PRAY-zee-pam (also pronounced PRAZ-eh-pam) Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number 2955-38-6 Formal Names Centrax, Demetrin, Verstran Type Depressant (benzodiazepine class). See page 21 Federal Schedule Listing Schedule IV (DEA no. 2764) Uses. In the human body this long-acting drug converts into desmethyldi-azepam, which is called a metabolite. Desmethyldiazepam is the major metabolite of diazepam and also a metabolite of clorazepate dipotassium and chlordiazepoxide. Some...

Pyridine Alkaloids Class

Tobacco and areca nut are the most widely used substances containing drugs from this class. Although most Americans think of tobacco's nicotine as a recreational drug, it has had agricultural functions as a pesticide and for ridding farm animals of worms. Nicotine is readily absorbed through the skin and causes green tobacco sickness among farmworkers who handle leaves, a poisoning sometimes severe enough to require hospitalization. The tobacco plant has been known to kill livestock that eat...

Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number 8007930 Formal Names Atropa belladonna

Informal Names Black Cherry, Deadly Nightshade, Death's Herb, Devil's Cherries, Devil's Herb, Divale, Dwale, Dwayberry, Great Morel, Love Apple, Murderer's Berry, Naughty Man's Cherries, Poison Black Cherry, Sleeping Nightshade, Sorcerers Berries, Sorcerer's Cherry, Witch's Berry Type Hallucinogen. See page 25 Federal Schedule Listing Unlisted as natural product USA Availability Nonprescription natural product some pharmaceutical preparations are prescription Pregnancy Category None Uses....

Pregnancy Category None

These mushrooms are found in much of the Northern Hemisphere and are known to grow elsewhere. Due to the possibility that an effective dose is close to a poisonous dose, and because of variations in potency, these mushrooms are easily poisonous and have even been mixed with milk as bait to kill flies. Persons seeking amanita sometimes accidentally ingest Amanita phal-loides, also called Death Cap and Death Cup, which can be deadly poisonous to the kidneys and liver. Confusion with other...

Amphetamine Class

Amphetamine stimulants are pharmaceutical products created in laboratories, not harvested or refined from natural products. When amphetamines debuted under the brand name Benzedrine during the Great Depression of the 1930s, they were an ingredient used for inhalers that people would sniff to relieve stopped-up noses. Another effect was a burst of energy and alertness, sometimes accompanied by a brightening of mood into euphoria, and people began using the nonprescription inhalers for...

Formal Names Methylbenzoylecgonine

Informal Names All-American Drug, Angie, Applejacks, Aunt Nora, Baby T, Bad, Badrock, Ball, Barbs, Base, Baseball, Basuco, Bazooka, Bazulco, Beam, Beamer, Beans, Beat, Beautiful Boulders, Bebe, Beemer, Bernice, Bernie, Bernie's Flakes, Bernie's Gold Dust, Big Bloke, Big C, Big Flake, Big Rush, Bill Blass, Billie Hoke, Bings, Birdie Powder, Biscuit, B.J., Black Rock, Blanca, Blanco, Blast, Blotter, Blow, Blowcaine, Blowout, Blue, Bobo, Bolivian Marching Powder, Bollo, Bolo, Bomb, Bone,...

Ephedrine

Pronunciation e-FED-rin (also pronounced EF-uh-dreen) Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number 299-42-3. (Hydrochloride form 5098-6 sulfate form 134-72-5) Formal Names Broncholate Syrup, Elsinore, Kie Syrup, Letigen, Marax, Pretz-D, Primatene, Rynatuss Informal Names Chinese Speed, Herbal Ecstasy, Herbal XTC Type Stimulant (amphetamine class). See page 12 Federal Schedule Listing Unlisted USA Availability Varies by state and by product formulation Pregnancy Category C Uses. Although natural...

Anorectic Class

Many persons in the United States consider themselves overweight. That self-perception may be more prevalent than obesity itself, but even so, by medical standards a good 33 to 50 of Americans are overweight.8 That condition can aggravate or even cause serious physical afflictions such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and heart disease. Persons seeking slimness and who are dissatisfied with results from changes in diet and exercise may seek pharmacological help. The first diet drug to receive...

Estazolam

Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number 29975-16-4 Formal Names ProSom Type Depressant (benzodiazepine class). See page 21 Federal Schedule Listing Schedule IV (DEA no. 2756) USA Availability Prescription Pregnancy Category X Uses. Estazolam's main medical uses are for relaxing muscles, fighting convulsions, and inducing sleep. The compound can also reduce anxiety in insomniacs but is not intended for long-term use against insomnia. Estazolam has been used successfully to treat auditory...

Pemoline

Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number 2152-34-3 Formal Names Cylert Informal Names Popcorn Coke Type Stimulant. See page 11 Federal Schedule Listing Schedule IV (DEA no. 1530) USA Availability Prescription Pregnancy Category B Uses. In the United States pemoline became available for medical purposes during the 1970s. It is used to treat depression, weariness, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The drug's stimulant effects are described as greater than caffeine but less...

Marijuana

Pronunciation mair-i-WAHN-uh (also pronounced mah-ri-HWAH-nuh) Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number 8063-14-7 Formal Names Cannabis, Cannabis sativa, Hashish, Marihuana, Sinsemilla Informal Names A-Bomb (with opium or heroin), Acapulco Gold, Acapulco Red, Ace, Afgani Indica, African Black, African Bush, Airplane, Alamout Black Hash (with belladonna), Alice B. Toklas (baked in brownie), AMP (with PCP, formaldehyde, or other substance), Angola, Ashes, Assassin of Youth, Astro Turf, Atomic...

Oxymorphone

Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number 76-41-5. (Hydrochloride form 35707-3) Formal Names Numorphan Type Depressant (opioid class). See page 24 Federal Schedule Listing Schedule II (DEA no. 9652) USA Availability Prescription Pregnancy Category C Uses. Medically this drug is used to ease pain and assist in anesthesia. It is about 9 to 13 times stronger than morphine, with similar actions. Oxymorphone has been likened to heroin. Because body chemistry transforms part of an oxycodone dose...

Pregnancy Category X

Insomnia is one of the main medical conditions treated by this drug, which also has anticonvulsant properties. The compound has been found useful to counteract insomnia actions of some psychiatric medicines. Although one insomnia study showed doses losing some effectiveness over time, patients continued to sleep better for 15 nights after dosage stopped, an improvement not observed when people stop taking some other antiinsomnia drugs. Similar findings have come from other...

Phentermine

Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number 122-09-8. (Hydrochloride form 1197-21-3) Formal Names Adipex-P, Duromine, Fastin, Ionamin, Obe-Nix 30, Umine Type Stimulant (anorectic class). See page 15 Federal Schedule Listing Schedule IV (DEA no. 1640) Uses. Phentermine is primarily used on a short-term basis for weight reduction. The compound is related to amphetamine. Effects are similar to but weaker than those of dextroamphetamine. For example, phentermine can make users more physically...

Mazindol

Pronunciation MA-zin-doll (also pronounced MAYZ-in-dohl) Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number 22232-71-9 Formal Names Mazanor, Sanorex, Teronac Type Stimulant (anorectic class). See page 15 Federal Schedule Listing Schedule IV (DEA no. 1605) USA Availability Prescription Pregnancy Category C Uses. Mazindol reduces appetite, and the drug's main medical usage is short-term promotion of weight loss. For that purpose one study showed mazindol having about 10 to 20 of dextroamphetamine's...

Oxymetholone

Other unwanted effects have included nausea, vomiting, chills, acne, and painful testicles. Case reports have noted severe changes in several persons' ability to handle blood sugar levels. Another case report noted mental confusion that developed in a patient receiving oxymetholone and that continued for weeks after the therapy stopped. Abuse factors. Some athletes use the compound with the hope it will improve their sports performance. A case report attributed rupture of the triceps...

Drug Name Index

Pages in bold indicate the location of the main entry A as LSD, 228-32 MDMA, 254-59 A-bomb, 239-46 Abyssinian tea, 216-19 Acapulco gold, 239-46 Acapulco red, 239-46 AC DC, 100-103 Ace as marijuana, 239-46 PCP, 351-55 Acetaminophen and butorphanol, 73 and mephobarbital, 263 Acetomorphine, 191-98 Acetyl-alpha-methylfentanyl, 166 Acetylmethadol, 222 Acid, 228-32 Acido, 228-32 Acrid lettuce, 336 Actibine, 436-38 Actiq, 164-66 Actuss, 383-84 Ad, 351-55 Adam, 254-59 Adderall, 106-9 Adipex-P, 380-82...

Oxandrolone

Chemical Abstracts Service Registry Number 53-39-4 Formal Names Anatrophill, Anavar, Lipidex, Lonavar, Oxandrin, Provitar, Vaso-rome Type Anabolic steroid. See page 24 Federal Schedule Listing Schedule III DEA no. 4000 USA Availability Prescription Pregnancy Category X Uses. This drug is used to encourage return of adequate heaviness in persons who have lost too much weight from illness, injury, or medical therapy. Experiments with AIDS acquired immunodeficiency syndrome patients measured...